ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 1833 01092 4477
Digitized by the Internet Archive
Uermotif Historical Society
UJitb Urn ended Constitution, and Eist of Members*
President's Bddrcss: Che Recent Discovery and
Recovery of the Original Records of the early
Paper: "Commodore Cbomas IHacdoneugV
lion. Charles R* Darling.
Paper: "Soldiers of (be Revolutionary OSar Buried in
Uermonft and Jinecdotes and Incidents
Relating to Some of Cheat,"
Walter !)♦ Crockett.
Ulith Eisfs of Revolutionary Soldiers Burled in Uer=
FREE PRESS ASSOCIATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
I <* Page
-t>.' Joint Resolution of Legislature • 4
x Act amending Charter .. . 5
f List of Officers, 1904-5 7
J„ OLctli.UllJ.g i/UUiuini^a •".'" j........... 8
> List of Active Members , . .• 8
^, -7 Corresponding and Honorary Members 14
_ t Constitution as amended .. . 15
"* By-Laws as amended 16
-I* Proceedings, 1903 . . 21
-^^ Proceedings, 1904 27
\^j Report of Managers, 1904 28
Recovery of Fay Records 49
Address, "Thomas McDonough" 57
Paper, "Soldiers of the Revolutionary War Buried in Ver-
mont" „ 91
Appendix , 107
General Assembly of the State of Vermont
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives:
That the Clerk of the House of Representatives be
directed to procure the printing of fifteen hundred (1500)
copies of the Proceedings of the annual meetings of the
Vermont Historical Society, October 20, 1903 and October
18, 1904, and of the adjourned annual meeting of said so-
ciety, October 2J, 1904, including the paper read in the hall
of the House of Representatives by the Hon. Charles H.
Darling, Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Navy, on "Com-
modore Thomas Macdonough/' and the paper by Waiter H.
Crockett, Esq., on "Newly Found Incidents and Anecdotes
Concerning Some of Vermont's Revolutionary Heroes,"
appending to the latter a list of the names of soldiers of the
American Revolution buried in Vermont to be distributed
To each member of the Senate and House of Represen-
tatives, one copy ; to each town and city clerk, one copy ; to
each college, normal school, academy and public library, one
copy ; to the Governor, each of the heads of departments and
each Judge of the Supreme Court, one copy ; to the Vermont
Historical Society, five hundred copies; and the remainder
to the State Library, subject to the control of the trustees
John H. MerrieiEld,
Speaker of the House 'of Representatives.
Charles H. Stearns,
President of the Senate.
Approved December 3d, 1904.
C. J. Bell,
Act Amending the Charter oe the Vermont His-
// is hereby enacted by the General Assembly of the
State of Vermont:
"An act to incorporate The Vermont Historical and
Antiquarian Society,''' approved November 5, 1838, as
amended and supplemented by "An act alterine the name of
The Vermont Historical and Antiquarian Society," approved
November 16, 1859, and "An act in relation to The Ver-
mont Historical Society," approved November 9, 1869, is
hereby amended so as to read as follows :
Section i. Henry Stevens of Barnet, in the county
of Caledonia, and Oramel H. Smith, Daniel P. Thompson
and Geo. B. Manser of Montpelier, in the county of Wash-
ington, and such other persons as have associated and may
hereafter associate themselves with them, are hereby made a
body corporate and politic, by the name of The Vermont
Historical Society, for the purpose of discovering, collecting
and preserving whatever relates to the material, agricultural,
industrial, civil, political, literary, ecclesiastical and military
history of the State of Vermont ; and by the name of The
Vermont Historical Society they and their successors may
sue and be sued, may have a common seal, may receive by
gift, devise, bequest, purchase or otherwise real and personal
estate of every nature necessary or convenient for the pur-
poses of the society, including property loaned or committed
to it in trust or on condition ; and may hold, manage, con-
trol, expend and dispose of the same as the best interests
of the society demand ; and may do any and all things suited
to the accomplishment of the purposes of the corporation.
Sec 2. The said corporation in the election of its offi-
cers, the holding of its meetings and the general manage-
ment of its affairs in the respects not herein provided for,
shall be controlled by the constitution and by-laws now in
force and such amendments thereto as may hereafter be
Sec. 3. When The Vermont Historical Society is dis-
solved, the books, collections and all the property thereof
shall become the property of the State, and the society shall
not sell or dispose of any part of its books or collections
except by way of exchange or to further the legitimate ob-
jects of the society and only upon the unanimous written
consent of the committee on library composed of three mem-
bers appointed by the president; and any sale and disposal
thereof except as herein provided shall be void.
Sec. 4. The Secretary of State, Auditor of Accounts
and the State Librarian shall be cx-ofnc'w members of The
Vermont Historical Society and of the board of curators
Sec. 5. The property of said corporation shall be ex-
empt from taxation.
Sec. 6. This act shall take effect from its passage.
Approved December 9, 1904.
Vermont Historical Society
GEORGE GRENVILLE BENEDICT, Burlington.
WILLIAM W. STICKNEY, Ludlow.
REV. WILLIAM S. HAZEN, Northfleld.
FRED A. HOWLAND, Montpelier.
„ RECORDING SECRETARY.
JOSEPH A. DeBOER, Montpelier.
THEODORE S. PECK, Burlington.
GHARLES S. FORBES, St. Albans.
HENRY F. FIELD, Rutland.
EDWARD M. GODDARD, Montpelier.
EZRA BRAINERD, Addison County.
SAMUEL B. HALL, Bennington County.
REV. HENRY FAIRBANKS, Caledonia County.
REV. JOHN E. GOODRICH, Chittenden County.
PORTER H. DALE, Essex County.
WALTER H. CROCKETT, Franklin County.
NELSON WILBUR FISK, Grand Isle County.
CARROLL S. PAGE, Lamoille County.
8 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
DR. GEORGE DAVENPORT, Orange County.
F. W. BALDWIN, Orleans County.
GEORGE BRIGGS, Rutland County.
HIRAM CARLETON, Washington County.
BERT EMERY MERRIAM, Windham County.
GILBERT A. DAVIS, Windsor County.
FREDERICK G. FLEETWOOD, Sec'y of State, )
, HORACE F. GRAHAM, Auditor of Accounts, V Ex-officio.
GEORGE W. WING, State Librarian. j
On Library. — Joseph A. De Boer, E. M. Goddard, John E.
On Printing. — Theodore S. Peck, Fred A. Howland, Walter
On Finance. — Henry F. Field, Joseph A. DeBoer, Fred
LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE VERMONT HISTORICAL
Alger, John L Johnson, Vt.
Allen, Charles E Burlington, Vt.
Allen, Heman W Burlington, Vt.
Allen, Martin Fletcher Ferrisburg, Vt.
Bacon, John L White River Junction, Vt.
Bailey, Horace Ward Newbury, Vt.
Baldwin, Frederick W Barton, Vt.
Ballard, Henry Burlington, Vt.
Barnuro, Elmer Shoreham, Vt.
Barstow, John L Shelburne, Vt.
Bascom, Robert O Fort Edward, N. Y.
Beckett, George Williamstown, Vt.
Beebe, William A Morrisville, Vt.
Bell, Charles J Walden, Vt.
Benedict, George Grenville Burlington, Vt.
Benedict, Robert Dewey 363 Adelphi Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Benton, Josiah Henry, Jr Boston, Mass.
Bisbee, Arthur Brown Montpelier, Vt.
Blanchard, Fred Montpelier, Vt.
Blanchard, George Lawrence Montpelier, Vt.
Blanchard, Herbert H Springfield, Vt.
Bliss, Charles M Bennington, Vt.
Brainerd, Ezra Middlebury, Vt.
Briggs, George Brandon, Vt.
Briggs, William A ...Montpelier, Vt.
Brock, James W Montpelier, Vt.
Brooks, John Vail Montpelier, Vt.
Brown, George B Burlington, Vt.
Buckkani, Irlu .iiiie >v Heu.ij' jjumugwu, v t,.
Burditt, Dan Deming Pittsf ord, Vt.
Burnap, Wilder L ,. Burlington, Vt.
Butterfield, Franklin George Derby, Vt.
Carleton, Hiram Montpelier, Vt.
Carpenter, Henry Otis Rutland, Vt.
Chandler, Albert B Randolph, Vt.
Cheney, Thomas Charles Morrisville, Vt.
Clark, Osman Dewey Montpelier, Vt.
Clark, Henry O Orange, N. J.
Clark, Isaiah R Boston, Mass.
Colburn, Robert M Springfield, Vt.
Coleman, Edward Park Montpelier, Vt.
Collins, Edward D.. Barton Landing, Vt.
Comstock, John M Chelsea, Vt.
Converse, John Heman..500 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
Craig, William Boston, Mass.
Crockett, Walter H St. Albans, Vt.
Cudworth, Addison Edward South Londonderry, Vt.
Cushman, Henry T North Bennington, Vt.
Cutler, Harry M Montpelier, Vt.
Dale, Porter H Brighton, Vt.
Darling, Charles Kimball Boston, Mass.
Davenport, George East Randolph, Vt.
Davis, Gilbert A Windsor, Vt.
i . . .-
10 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Davis, Edward Aaron Bethel, Vt.
Deavitt, Thomas Jefferson Montpelier, Vt.
Deavitt, Edward Harrington Montpelier, Vt.
De Boer, Joseph Arend Montpelier, Vt.
Dewey, Charles Montpelier, Vt.
Dewey, Davis Rich Boston, Mass.
Dillingham, William Paul Waterbury, Vt.
Downer, Charles ; Sharon, Vt
Dutton, Walter A Hardwick, Vt.
Ellis, William Erba Northfield, Vt
Fairbanks, Rev. Edward T St. Johnsbury, Vt
Fairbanks. Rev. Henry St Johnsbury, Vt.
Farwell, Arthur Daggett Montpelier, Vt.
Field, Henry Francis Rutland, Vt.
Field, Edward Davenport Montpelier, Vt
Fifield, Benjamin Franklin.. Montpelier, Vt
Fiske, Rev. E. S -. Montpelier, Vt
Fisk, Nelson Wilbur Isle La Motte, Vt.
Fleetwood, Frederick G .Morrisville, Vt
Fitts, Clarke C Brattleboro, Vt.
Fletcher, Allen M Cavendish, Vt
Forbes, Charles Spooner St. Albans, Vt
Foss, Eugene N Boston, Mass.
Foster, David J Burlington, Vt
Gates, Walter Benton Burlington, Vt.
' Gifford, James Meacham 319 West 102d. St., New York City
Gilmore, William H Fairlee, Vt
Goddard, Edward M.. Montpelier, Vt
Goodenough, Jonas Eli Montpelier, Vt
Goodrich, John Ellsworth Burlington, Vt
Goss, Frank Keeler Montpelier, Vt
Gordon, John Warren Barre, Vt.
Graham, Horace French Craftsbury, Vt.
Greene, Frank Lester St. Albans, Vt
Hall, Samuel B North Bennington, Vt
Hamblet, Martin L. Lowell, Mass.
Harvey, Erwin M Montpelier, Vt
Harvey, John Nelson. . Montpelier, Vt.
Haselton, Seneca Burlington, Vt.
Hawkins, Gen. Rush C % . . 21 West 20th St., New York City
Hawley, Donly C Burlington, Vt.
Hayes, Lyman S.. . Bellows Falls, Vt.
Hazen, Rev. William Skinner Northfield, Vt.
Hines, G. A Brattleboro, Vt.
Howe, Willard. Bean Burlington, Vt.
Howland, Fred A Montpelier, Vt.
Husband, William Walter Montpelier, Vt.
Hulburd, Roger W Hyde Park, Vt.
Hutchins, Robert H New York City, N. Y.
Jackson, John Henry BarrC, Vt.:
Jackson, S. Hollister Barre, Vt.
Jeffrey, William H Burke, Vt.
Jennings, Frederick B New York City, N. Y.
Kelton, Dwight H .Montpelier, Vt.
Kemp, Harlan Wesley .Montpelier, Vt.
Keyes, Wade 1040-1-2 Tremont Bldg, Boston, Mass.
Laird, Fred Leslie Montpelier, Vt.
Leavenworth, Philip : Castleton, Vt.
Lewis, Rev. Alonzo N Montpelier, Vt.
Mather, Charles Duane Montpelier, Vt.
Mathewson, O. D Barre, Vt.
Martin, James L Brattleboro, Vt.
McCullough, Hall Park Bennington, Vt.
McCullough, John G Bennington, Vt.
Mclntyre, Hamden W.. Randolph, Vt.
Mead, John Abner Rutland, Tt.
Merriam, Bert Emery Rockingham, Vt.
Merrifield, John H Newfane, Vt.
Merrill, Olin Enosburgh, Vt.
Michaud, Rt. Rev. John Stephen Burlington, Vt.
Mimms, John H St. Albans, Vt.
Morrill, Charles H Randolph, Vt.
Moulton, Clarence E , ■ Montpelier, Vt.
Munson, Loveland Manchester, Vt.
12 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Noble, Robert Burlington, Vt.
North, Clayton Nelson Shoreham, Vt.
Page, Carroll S.. Hyde Park, Vt.
Partridge, Frank C Proctor, Vt.
Parker, Myron Melvin Washington, D. C.
Pease, Frederick Salmon ' Burlington, Vt.
Peck, Theodore Safford Burlington, Vt.
Peck, Cassius Burlington, Vt.
Peck, Hamilton Sullivan Burlington, Vt.
Pennoyer, Rev. Charles Huntington Springfield, Vt.
Perkins, George Henry Burlington, Vt.
Piatt, Frederick S Poultney, Vt.
*Platt, William N Shoreham. Vt.
Plumley, Frank Northfield, Vt.
Powers, Horace Henry Morris ville, Vt.
Preble, Richard Henry Shoreham, Vt.
Proctor, Redfield Proctor, Vt.
Proctor, Fletcher D Proctor, Vt.
Prouty, Charles A.. . Newport, Vt.
Prouty, George H Newport, Vt.
Putnam, George K Montpelier, Vt.
Putnam, Ralph Wright .Putnamville, Vt.
Quimby, William Lorenzo, Ames Bldg. Boston. Brookline, Mass.
Ranger, Walter E . Montpelier, Vt.
Roberts, Robert Burlington, Vt.
Robinson, Daniel W Burlington, Vt.
Robinson, Arthur L Maiden, Mass.
♦Ropes, Arthur Montpelier, Vt.
Roscoe, Edward Mortimer Springfield, Vt.
Rowell, John W Randolph, Vt.
Royce, Homer Charles St. Albans, Vt.
Sargent, John G Ludlow, Vt.
Scott, Olin Bennington, Vt.
Senter, John H Montpelier, Vt.
Shaw, William A Northfield, Vt.
Sheldon, Henry L Middlebury, Vt.
Sheldon, Ned Lewis Boston, Mass.
Silver, Elmer E.. Boston, Mass.
Slack, Leighton P St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Smalley, Bradley B Burlington, Vt.
Smilie, Melville Earle Montpelier, Vt.
Smith, Charles Albert * Barre, Vt.
Smith, Clarence L Burlington, Vt.
Smith, Edward Curtis St. Albans, Vt.
Smith, Fred Elijah Montpelier, Vt.
Southwick, John L Burlington, Vt.
Spalding, Rev. George Burley Syracuse, N. Y.
Stafford, Wendell Phillips St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Stanton, Zed S.. Roxbury, Vt.
Stewart, W. D Bakersfield, Vt.
Stickney, William B. C Bethel, Vt.
Stickney, William Wallace Ludlow, Vt.
Stone, Arthur F St. Johnsbury, Vt.
Stone, Mason Sereno Castleton, Vt.
Swift, Benjamin Orwell, Vt.
Taylor, W. H Hardwick, Vt.
Theriault, William Napoleon Montpelier, Vt.
Thomas, Isaac Burlington, Vt.
Tinkham, Henry Crain Burlington, Vt.
Tuttle, Albert Fair Haven, Vt.
Van Patten, William J , Burlington, Vt.
Wait, Horatio Loomis Chicago, 111.
Waite, Herschel N Johnson, Vt.
Walbridge, J. L Concord, Vt.
Walker, Roberts New York City, N. Y.
Ward, Harry Parker Columbus, Ohio
Webb, William Seward Shelburne, Vt.
Wells, Edward Burlington, Vt.
Wells, Frank Richardson Burlington, Vt.
W r ells, Henry Burlington, Vt.
Wheeler, James R 433 West 117th St., New York City, N. Y.
Whitcomb, Charles Warren Cavendish, Vt.
Wilbur, LaFayette . ... Jericho, Vt.
14 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Wing, George Washington Montpelier, Vt.
Woodbury, Urban A Burlington, Vt.
Wright, George M 280 Broadway, New \ork City, N. Y.
Benton, Everett C Boston, Mass.-
Bixby, George F Plattsburg, N. Y.
Canfield, James H Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
Clarke* Albert Boston, Mass.
Denio, Herbert W Westfield, Mass.
Houghton, Edward R Cambridge, Mass.
Jillson, Clark Worcester, Mass.
Kellogg, David Sherwood, M. D Plattsburg, N. Y.
Lord, Charles Dana Hanover, N. H.
Phelps, James T Boston, Mass.
Walker, Rev. Edwin Sawyer Springfield, 111.
Winslow, Rev. Wm. Copley, D. D... Boston, Mass.
Burgess, John W New York City, N. Y.
Clark, Charles Edgar, Rear-Adm'l, U. S. N., Washington, D. C.
Darling, Charles Hiram, Asst. Secy. U. S. Navy, Washington, D. C.
Dewey, George, Admiral, U. S.N Washington, D. C.
Simpson, John W 25 Broad St., New York City, N. Y..
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS.
As revised by Special Committee, submitted to the
members, and adopted October 18, 1904.
This association shall be called "The Vermont Histori-
cal Su^icLjy," and shall consist of Active, Correspond 1 rg,
and Honorary Members.
The object of the Society shall be to discover, collect,
and preserve whatever relates to the material, agricul-
tural, industrial, civil, political, literary, ecclesiastical and"
military history of the State of Vermont.
The officers of the Society, who shall constitute its
Board of Managers, to be elected annually and by ballot,,
shall be a President, three Vice-Presidents, a Recording
Secretary, two Corresponding Secretaries of foreign and
domestic correspondence, a Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper,
a Treasurer, and a Curator from each county in this State.
There shall be one annual, and occasional meetings of
the Society. The annual meeting for the election of officers
shall be at Montpelier on Tuesday preceding the third Wed-
nesday of October ; the special meetings shall be at such
time and place as the Board of Managers shall determine.
16 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
All members, (Honorary and Corresponding members
excepted,) shall pay, on admission, the sum of two dollars,
and an additional sum of one dollar annually.
Members shall be elected upon the recommendation of
any member of the Society.
This Constitution and the By-Laws may be altered or
?m.t^d2d at the annua! meeting by a vole e>£ two-thirds uf
the members present, provided notice of the proposed
change shall have been given at the next preceding annual
RELATING TO MEMBERS.
1. Members only shall be entitled to vote or to be
eligible to any office.
2. No member who shall be in arrears for two years,
shall be entitled to vote, or be eligible to any office, and
any failure to pay annual dues for two consecutive years,
after due notice from the Treasurer, shall be considered a
forfeiture of membership ; and no person thus expunged
from the roll of the Society can be eligible to re-admission
without the payment of his arrears.
3. No person shall be elected an Active Member until
he shall have previously signified his desire to become such
4. The yearly assessment is payable at the time of
the annual meeting in October.
OF OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES.
1. The President, or in his absence the highest officer
present, shall preside at all meetings of the Society, and
regulate the order thereof, and be ex-ofhcio chairman of the
Board of Managers, and when required give the casting
2. The Recording Secretary shall keep the minutes
of all meetings of the Society in a suitable book, and at
the opening of each one shall read those of the preceding
one. He shall have the custody of the Constitution, By-
Laws, Records and all papers of the Society, and shall give
notice of the time and place of all meetings of the Society,
and shall notify all officers and members of their election,
and communicate all special votes of the Society to parties
interested therein. In the absence of the Recording Secre-
tary his duty shall be performed by one of the Correspond-
3. The Corresponding Secretaries shall conduct all the
correspondence of the Society committed to their charge.
They shall preserve on file the original of all communica-
tions addressed to the Society and keep a fair copy of all
their letters in books furnished for that purpose. They
shall read, at each meeting, the correspondence or such ab-
stracts from it as the President may direct.
4. The Treasurer shall collect, receive and disburse all
moneys due and payable, and all donations and bequests of
money or other property to the Society. He shall pay, un-
18 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
der proper vouchers, all the ordinary expenses of the So-
ciety, and shall deposit all its funds in one of the Vermont
Banks, to the credit of the Society, subject to his checks as
Treasurer; and at the annual meeting shall make a true re-
port of all the moneys received and paid out by him, to be
audited by the Committee on Finance provided for here-
5. It shall be the duty of the Librarian and Cabinet-
Keeper, to preserve, arrange, and keep in good order, all
books, manuscripts, documents, pamphlets, articles, and
papers of every kind, belonging to the Societv. He shall
keep a catalogue of the same, and take especial care that no
book, manuscript, document, paper, or any property of the
Society, confided to his keeping, be removed from the room.
He shall also be furnished with a book, in which to record
all donations and bequests of whatsoever kind, relating to
his department, with the name of the donor, and the time
6. The Curators, with the President, Vice-Presidents,
-Corresponding and Recording Secretaries, Librarian, and
Treasurer, shall constitute a Board of Managers, whose
duty it shall be to superintend the general concerns of the
Society. The President shall, from this Board, appoint
the following Standing Committees, viz. : On the Library
and Cabinet, on Printing and Publishing, and on Finance.
7. The Committee on the Library and Cabinet shall
have the supervisory care of all printed publications, manu-
scripts and curiosities. They shall, with the Librarian,
provide suitable shelves, cases and fixtures, in which to ar-
range and display them. The printed volumes and manu-
scripts shall be regularly numbered and marked with the
name of "The Vermont Historical Society/' They shall
BY-LAWS. \ 19
propose at the regular meeting, such books or manuscripts,
pertaining to the objects of the Society, as they shall deem
•expedient, which, when approved, shall be by them pur-
chased and disposed of as above directed. They shall be
required to visit the library at least once a year, officially,
and shall provide a book, or books, in which the Librarian
and Cabinet-Keeper shall keep a record of their proceed-
ings — and be entrusted in general, with the custody, care
and increase of whatever comes within the province of
their appointed duty.
8. The Committee on Printing and Publishing shall
prepare for publication whatever documents or collections
shall be ordered by the Society ; shall contract for and su-
pervise the printing of the same, and shall furnish the Re-
cording Secretary and Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper, with
.such blank notices, summonses, labels, etc., as may be
9. The Committee on Finance shall consist of at
least one member of each of the former Committees, and
shall have the general oversight and direction of the funds
of the Society. They shall -examine the books of the Treas-
urer, vouch all accounts of moneys expended, and audit his
OF THE) CABINET/ LIBRARY, ETC.
1. All donations to the Cabinet or Library, when prac-
ticable, shall have the donor's name, legibly written or
printed, affixed thereto.
2. All donations shall be promptly acknowledged by
the Librarian and Cabinet-keeper on behalf of the Society,
20 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
and shall be specified by that officer in his report to the
Society to be made at the annual meeting.
3. The Librarian and Cabinet-Keeper shall make a
written report of the condition of the Library and Cabinet
at the annual meeting.
4. All reports of Committees must be in writing, and
addressed to the President, and shall be recorded by the
Recording Secretary, unless otherwise ordered by a vote
of the Society.
5. It shall be deemed the duty of all members, if
convenient, to contribute to the Library and Cabinet such
papers, pamphlets and books (rare or out of print,) as
possess historical interest.
6. There shall be a public meeting of the
Society in the year in which the Legislature sits. Such
meeting shall be under the charge and supervision of the
President, who shall make, on such occasion, the Presidents
address and shall also invite (with such counsel as he may
require from the Board of Managers) to address the Society
at such meeting, one or more speakers, on subjects relating
to the history of this State. ■
7. Notices of the deaths of such members of this His-
torical Society, and eminent Vermonters, as may decease
during the year preceding the annual meeting of the So-
ciety, shall be prepared under the direction of the Board of
Managers and be read at the annual meeting, and be depos-
ited in the archives of the Society for future use and refer-
VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL MEETING
OCTOBER 20, 1903.
Pursuant to printed notice, the Vermont Historical So-
cety held its Sixty-fifth Annual Meeting at the State Li-
brary, on Tuesday, October 20, 1903. The following mem-
bers were in attendance : G. G. Benedict, T. S. Peck, D. W.
Robinson and C. L. Smith, of Burlington ; F. L. Greene and
C. S. Forbes, of St. Albans ; Rev. W. S. Hazen, of North-
field; Z. S. Stanton, of Roxbury; M : . S. Stone, of Morris-
ville ; Geo. Davenport, of Randolph ; Charles Dewey, H.
Carleton, E. M. Goddard, O. D. Clark ? W. E. Ranger, F. A.
Howland and J. A. De Boer, of Montpelier.
Prayer was offered by the Rev. W. S. Hazen, of North-
The record of the last annual meeting was read by the
Secretary and approved.
The report of Treasurer H. F. Field was presented,
accepted and ordered to be placed on file. It showed
a balance on hand October 20, 1902, of $314.40; receipts
during the year of $135.60; disbursements, same period,
$116.51 ; cash on hand, balance, $33349.
The Librarian, E. M. Goddard, made a verbal report,
using his journal for that purpose and offering to submit a
written report hereafter. He discussed the needs of the li-
brary and renewed the suggestions of his preceding re-
22 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
On motion of Mr. Dewey, Col. O. D. Clark was ap-
pointed temporary, treasurer in the absence of Mr. Field,
with instructions to collect and remit dues.
President Benedict presented the report of the Board of
Managers, which, on motion of Mr. Dewey, was accepted
and ordered to be recorded.
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS.
Montpelier, Vt, Oct. 20, 1903.
Hon. George G. Benedict, President:
The Board of Managers respectfully submit me follow-
ing brief report for the year ending October 20, 1903.
During the past twelve months the Society has lost by
death the following members : The Rev. James H. Babbitt,
of Andover, Mass. ; Dr. James Conland, of Brattleboro ; the
Hon. George N. Dale, of Island Pond ; the Rev. Henry A.
Hazen, of Billerica, Mass. ; the Hon. Edward Swift Isham,
of Chicago; Major-General Wm. Farrar Smith, of Phila-
delphia ; and Artist Thomas Waterman Wood of New York
City. The Society was especially indebted to Mr. Isham
for his notable address on Ethan Allen in the year 1898 and
will never be able to repay the affectionate service rendered
to his native State by 'Sir. Wood. We fortunately possess
a good number of his best works in the collections of the
Society. It is recommended that the President appoint
members to prepare brief biographies of all these men, with
the request that the same be ready for presentation to the
next annual meeting of the Society and for insertion in the
published proceedings of that year.
Against these unfortunate and heavy inroads on our
membership, especially grievous after the unusual mortality
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS. 23
of IQ02, we are happily able to place the applications of
thirty new members, twenty-five from Vermont and five
from abroad, a strong list, representative of the most suc-
cessful men in all the professions and in business.
The proceedings of 1901-1902 have been duly published
with the aid of the State and have been distributed, as we are
advised, in accordance with the joint resolution providing
for the publication. It is our hope that near-by years may
witness a more extended work on the Society's part in the
matter of publication. The Librarian, Mr. Edward M. God-
dard, last year made some vci_y cugenc and practical sug-
gestions in this regard. It would be serviceable, we think,
to consider his report more definitely and to refer, by
motion, so much of it as relates to this subject to the Com-
mittee on Printing and Publication with a view to ascer-
taining whether the Librarian's suggestions cannot be car-
ried into practical effect during the coming year. It seems
to us not unlikely that copy might be prepared during that
time for a Third Volume of Transactions and that, if this
could be done, the State would not hesitate to aid the So-
ciety in preserving this material in published form.
The Special Committee appointed to consider amend-
ments to the Constitution and By-Laws have completed that
task and report in substance no special modifications except
in the omission of any further attention whatsoever to the
obsolete departments of Natural History and Horticulture.
It seems wise to us to adopt this recommendation and to
make the amendments in phraseology required in the other
articles, chapters and sections of the Constitution and By-
Laws, if said recommendation prevails.
24 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Existing conditions, particularly when taken in con-
nection with the work of the State Library, the State Li-
brary Commission and other allied societies throughout the
state, tend to confirm the quite prevalent impression that
some better system can be devised through which mixed
but co-related interests and works might be merged, under
some central supervision, like the State Library Trustees,
resulting in both greater economy and better work. It
seems reasonable, at least, that our Society should concen-
trate its efforts more and more on the idea of being a Society
of publication and that ^ c nrgpnizatinn should hp extended
with that object in view. It has been repeatedly pointed
out that a point has been reached in the history of the State
when failure to vigorously collect and preserve material of
historic interest and value w T ill soon be deeply deplored.
This subject is of so much importance that it almost seems
absurd to expect that it can longer be ignored by the State.
Money cannot be expended to better advantage or with more
honor than to so use the small amounts that will meet the
requirements of such a work. All things which relate to
the entire history of Vermont should be collected, preserved
and, in proper form, arranged and held for public use at the
capital of the State, where it will be easily accessible to all.
The splendid and unique history of Vermont should not
be permitted to become a myth, at home or abroad, and no
place elsewhere should be permitted to rival its collections
here in character, volume or value.
For work done during the past year on the Library
and Cabinet and for additions to the collections we respect-
fully refer you to the report of the Librarian, who will cover
all these matters in full detail.
Yours very respectfully.
The Board of Managers,
By Joseph Arend De Boer,
On motion of Air. De Boer so much of the preceding
report as relates to a third volume of Society Proceedings
was referred to the Committee on Printing and Publica-
The Secretary presented the Report of the Special
Committee on Amendments to the Constitution and By-
Laws of the Society. (See appendix B.)
On motion of Mr. De Boer, the Managers were in-
structed to print and to distribute to the members the Con-
stitution and By-Laws, with the proposals of amendment
as recommended by the Special Committee, for action at the
meeting of 1904.
On motion of General Peck, the President was instruct-
ed to appoint a nominating committee of five to present a
list of officers for the year next ensuing. The President ap-
pointed Messrs. Peck, Dewey, Howland, Clark and Greene.
President Benedict presented an invitation from the
Nova Scotia Historical Society, requesting the presence by
delegate of the Vermont Historical Society at their celebra-
tion June 24, 1904, of the occasion when the Seigneurs De
Monts entered Annapolis Basin and landed at Port Royal.
On motion of Mr. Hazen, the invitation was accepted
and the President was authorized to appoint one or more
delegates for that purpose.
26 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
General Peck presented the report of the nominating
committee, which was accepted, and the following were
duly elected for the year ensuing:
President — Geo. G. Benedict, Burlington.
Vice-Presidents — Wm. W. Stickney, Ludlow; Rev.
Wm. S. Hazen, Northfield; F. A. Rowland, Montpelier.
Recording Secretary — Joseph A. De Boer, Montpelier.
Corresponding Secretaries — Clarence L. Smith, Bur-
lington; Charles S. Forbes, St. Albans.
Treasurer — Henry F. Field, Rutland.
Librarian — Edward M. Goddard, Montpelier.
Curators — Ezra Brainerd, (Addison;) Henry D. Hall,
(Bennington;) Henry Fairbanks, (Caledonia;) John E.
Goodrich, (Chittenden;) George Davenport, (Orange;) F.
W. Baldwin, (Orleans;) Hiram Carleton, (Washington;)
and (ex-officio) Frederick G. Fleetwood, Secretary of State;
Horace F. Graham, State Auditor, and George W. Wing,
The President appointed the following Standing Com-
On Library — J. A. De Boer, Edward M. Goddard,
John E. Goodrich.
On Printing— Theodore S. Peck, Fred A. Howland,
Daniel W. Robinson.
On Finance — Hiram Carleton, Henry F. Field, Frank
The Secretary reported the following list of deceased
members, not previously reported at any regular meeting
of the Society :
James H. Babbitt, Minister, Andover, Mass.; James
Conland, Doctor of Medicine, Brattleboro, Vt. ; George N.
Dale. Lawyer, Island Pond, Vt. ; Henry A. Hazen, Minister,
ANNUAL MEETING, 1904. 27
Billerica, Mass. ; Edward Swift Isharn, Lawyer, Chicago,
111.; William Farrar Smith, Major-General, Philadelphia,
Pa. ; Thomas W. Wood, Artist, New York City.
Applications for membership were received from thirty-
seven gentlemen, thirty-one from Vermont, four from New
York, one from Illinois, and one from Washington, D. C.
All were duly elected by a viva voce vote of the Society.
For names, residences and endorsements, see appendix D.
Adjournment, subject to the call of the President and
Secretary, was voted on motion of Mr. Dewey.
Joseph Arend De Bokr.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL MEETING,
OCTOBER 18, 1904.
Montpelier, Vt., October 18, 1904.
The Vermont Historical Society met in accordance with
the printed call, at the rooms of the Society in the State
House, and, in the absence of the President, the meeting was
called to order by Fred A. Howland, one of the Vice-Presi-
E. D. Field was elected Secretary pro tempore, in the
absence of the secretary.
On motion of E. M. Goddard, the meeting adjourned to
the 27th of October, 1904, at two o'clock in the afternoon,
at the Supreme Court Rooms in the State Capitol.
Attest, Edward D. Field,
Secretary pro tern.
28 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
ADJOURNED ANNUAL MEETING, OCTOBER 2^, 1904.
In pursuance to adjournment, the Vermont Historical
Society held its Sixty-sixth Annual Meeting in the Supreme
Court Rooms in the State Capitol on Tuesday., October 2"],
The following members were in attendance : Walter H.
Crockett, Charles Dewey, Edward M. Goddard, Charles E.
Allen, George Davenport, Rev. William S. Hazen,
Charles S. Forbes, Henry F. Field, Frederick W. Baldwin,
Hiram Carleton, W. N. Theriault, George W. Wing, Fred
A. Howland, E. D. Field, G. G. Benedict, T. S. Peck, J.
Henry Jackson, Heman W. Allen, Zed S. Stanton, Walter
E. Ranger, Horace W. Bailey and George Beckett.
Prayer was offered by the Rev. W. S. Hazen, of North-
The Secretary being absent, Fred A. Howland was
elected Secretary pro tempore, and the records of the An-
nual meeting, held October 20, 1903, were read by him, and
The Treasurer, Henry F. Field, read his report, which
was accepted, and ordered to be recorded. See Appendix B.
The Librarian. E. M. Goddard, read his report, and
the same was ordered accepted and put on file.
President Benedict presented the report of the Board of
Report of the Board of Managers.
Montpelier, October 27, 1904.
To the Vermont Historical Society:
Your managers have to report the loss by death during
the past year of two valued active members of the Society,
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS. 29
Mr. Henry Davis Hall and Major Alonzo B. Valentine, both
of Bennington. Brief biographical sketches of these and of
the seven members whose deaths were reported at the last
previous annual meeting are appended to this report. Our
membership now comprises 152 active members, 12 corre-
sponding and four honorary members — a total of 168. We
are glad to report the applications of 46 new members,
whose election will swell the number of our active members
to 198, and our total to 214.
In compliance with the vote passed at the annual meet-
ing of 1903, the proposed amendments to the Constitu-
tion and By-Laws, as reported by the special committee
previously appointed, have been printed, together with the
articles and sections affected by the amendments, and have
been distributed to the members. These amendments come
up for final adoption at this time.
Our Librarian calls attention afresh to the inadequacy
of the accommodations of our library, cabinet and other
property in the quarters which the State kindly places at our
disposal in this building, and we suggest that it is time that
the Society should earnestly consider whether some feasible
measures of relief from the over-crowding of our book-
shelves- and actual diminution of the space at our disposal
cannot be devised.
In compliance with the invitation of the Historical So-
ciety of Nova Scotia to this Society to be represented at the
tercentenary celebration of the first landing of Europeans
resulting in a permanent settlement on the soil of North
America, held at Annapolis, Nova Scotia, on the 21st and
22nd of last June, your President appointed successively
Gen. Rush C. Hawkins, William Copley Winslow, Josiah
H. Benton, Jr., Esq., and Hon. Albert Clarke, as delegates
30 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
to represent this Society upon that interesting occasion ; but
they were constrained by imperative engagements to decline
The fact has become impressed upon your Managers,
that there are many intelligent and public-spirited citizens,
interested in its history and in all that tends to promote its
interests, who need only to have their attention called to the
excellent work which this Society is doing to induce them to
lend their assistance to its work by becoming members. And
they beg leave to suggest that if each of our members will
secure the addition to our roll of a single additional mem-
ber, our number may be doubled during the coming year,
and the means of public usefulness of our Society appreciably
enhanced. Blank applications for membership will be sup-
plied by the Recording Secretary to all members who will
use them in securing additional members.
G. G. Benedict, for the
Board of Managers.
The report was accepted and ordered on file.
The President submitted to the meeting for action the
proposed Amendments to the Constitution and By-Laws
suggested at the last preceding Annual Meeting. All of the
amendments were accepted and adopted unanimously. The
report of the special committee may be found in Appen-
Applications for membership were received from forty-
six gentlemen and they were duly elected by a viva voce
vote of the Society. For names, residences and indorse-
ments, see Appendix D.
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS. 31
Mr. Benedict proposed as an honorary member of the
Society, the Hon. Charles Hiram Darling, Assistant Secre-
tary of the Navy, and he was unanimously elected.
On motion of General T. S. Peck, the President was in-
structed to appoint a committee to nominate officers for the
ensuing year, and the President appointed as such Commit-
tee Messrs. Peck, Crockett and Dewey.
General Peck presented the report of the nominating
committee, which was duly accepted and adopted, and the
following officers were duly elected :
Vice-Presidents — William \V. Stickney, Ludlow ; Rev.
William S. Hazen, Northfield; Fred A. Howland, Mont-
Recording Secretary — Joseph A. De Boer, Montpelier.
Corresponding Secretaries — Theodore S. Peck, Burling-
ton ; Charles S. Forbes, St. Albans.
Treasurer — Henry F. Field, Rutland.
Librarian — Edward M. Goddard, Montpelier.
Curators — Ezra Brainerd, Addison County ; Samuel B.
Hall, Bennington County; the Rev. Henry Fairbanks, Cale-
donia County; the Rev. J. E. Goodrich, Chittenden County;
Porter H. Dale, Essex County ; Walter H. Crockett, Frank-
lin County ; Nelson Wilbur Fisk, Grand Isle County ; Carroll
>S. Page, Lamoille County ; Dr. George Davenport, Orange
County; F. W. Baldwin, Orleans County; George Briggs,
Rutland County ; Hiram Carleton, Washington County ;
Bert Emery Merriam, Windham County; and Gilbert A.
Davis, Windsor County.
Biographical sketches were submitted of the following
deceased members :
32 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Alonzo Buckingham Valentine, the Rev. J. H. Babbitt,
General William Farrar Smith, Henry Davis Hall, the Rev.
Henry A. Hazen, the Rev. Allan D. Brown, George Need-
ham Dale, Dr. James Conland, and Thomas Waterman
General Peck moved that a Committee consisting of
Messrs. Benedict, De Boer, and Howland, be appointed to
secure the passage of a joint resolution of the present legis-
lature appropriating not to exceed one thousand dollars
for the purpose of purchasing the sword used by Colonel
Baum, the British Commander in the Battle of Bennington,
and other relics of that battle and period, and manuscripts
now in the possession of the heirs of the late Geo. W. Robin-
son, of Bennington, Vt, which motion prevailed. A list of
the articles covered by this resolution so far as they could
be described by General Peck, is hereto attached and mark-
ed "Appendix D."
Mr. Baldwin presented to the meeting Mr. Hathorne of
Ludlow., who, in behalf of the Grand Army Post of that
town, offered as a gift to the Society a regular Confederate
brigadier-general's uniform and the letter accompanying
the same. On motion of Mr. Baldwin, the gift was accept-
ed, and the Secretary was directed to extend the thanks of
the Society to the Grand Army Post at Ludlow.
Mr. Goddard moved that the President appoint a com-
mittee to draft a resolution which should be presented to the
Society in recognition of the services of Senator Proctor in
procuring and preserving the Jonas Fay records. The mo-
tion was carried, and Messrs. Goddard and Crockett were
appointed a committee to prepare a resolution for presenta-
tion at a meeting to be held the same evening.
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS.
On motion of Mr. Howland, as amended by Mr. H. F.
Field, the same committee elected to secure the passage of
a resolution providing for the purchase of the Baum sword
and other articles and manuscripts, was instructed to act as
a committee to procure such amendments to the Act of In-
corporation as will enable the Society to hold an additional
amount of personal property.
On motion of Air. Howland, it was ordered that the
Librarian, Air. Goddard, definitely outline in a letter to the
President his suggested plan with reference to the incor-
ooration nf thp "Historical Society library with the State
library in such manner as to enable the two to be distin-
guished, and that the legislative committee heretofore
elected, consisting of Messrs. Benedict, De Boer, and How-
land, be authorized to formulate such amendments to the
Constitution as to them may seem advisable respecting such
The Secretary read the resolutions forwarded to the So-
ciety by the Vermont Society of Colonial Dames and the
Vermont Conference of the Daughters of the American
Revolution, relating to the purchase of Ticonderoga by the
United States Government for the purposes of a national
park, and requesting the appointment of a committee by the
Vermont Historical Society to present the matter to the
Legislature and Governor of the State of Vermont.
On motion of Judge Carleton, the Legislative Com-
mittee above designated was appointed to carry out the re-
quest contained in the resolution.
Mr. Howland called the attention of the Society to
the offer of Mrs. Clara M. Severance to loan to the Society
curios connected with life in the Philippines collected by
34 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL vSOCIETY.
her son. Max Severance, under the assurance from Mrs.
Severance that these curios would be willed to the Society
and eventually become its absolute property. On motion,
the Society accepted the loan, and the Secretary was di-
rected to so inform Mrs. Severance and convey to her the
thanks of the Society. (For list of articles loaned, see
The resignation of H. P. Ward as a member of the So-
ciety was offered and accepted.
On motion of Mr. Dewey, a committee consisting of
make arrangements for the public meeting and exercises.
The following Standing Committees were appointed by
On Library— Joseph A. De Boer, E. ML Goddard, J. E.
On Printing— T. S. Peck, F. A. Howland. W. H.
On Finance — H. F. Field, Joseph A. De Boer. F. A.
On motion of Judge Carleton, the meeting adjourned
to meet in the hall of the House of Representatives the same
evening, at 7.30 o'clock.
A true record,
Attest Fred A. Howland,
Secretary pro tempore.
, , 16Z0191
PUBLIC EXERCISES. 35
PUBLIC EXERCISES, OCTOBER 27, 1904.
The Society met at 7.30 o'clock P. M. in the hall of the
House of Representatives, as provided in the motion for ad-
journment, and the following exercises were had :
1. Introductory remarks by President G. G. Benedict
on "The Recent Discovery and Recovery of the Original
Records of the Early Vermont Conventions."
2. Paper by the Hon. Charles H. Darling, Assistant
Secretary of the United States Navy, on "Commodore
3. raper by Walter H. Crockett, Esq., on "Newly
Found Incidents and Anecdotes concerning some of Ver-
mont's Revolutionary Heroes."
The meeting was so fully attended that all of the seats
in the hall of the House were occupied, and chairs were
brought in to accommodate additional guests.
The following resolutions were proposed by the persons
indicated, and severally adopted:
By Judge Carleton :
Resolved, That the Vermont Historical Society here-
by tenders to the Hon. Charles H. Darling, Assistant Secre-
tary of the United States Navy, its sincere thanks for his
able and scholarly address upon "Commodore Thomas Mac-
Donough," and requests him to supply a copy of the same
for publication in the proceedings of the Society.
By Mr. Baldwin:
Resolved, That the Vermont Historical Society express
to Walter H. Crockett, Esq., its sincere thanks for his in-
teresting address upon Soldiers of the Revolution buried in
Vermont and Incidents and Anecdotes Concerning Some of
Vermont's Revolutionary Heroes, and ask him to furnish a
copy of said address for publication in the Proceedings of
36 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
By Mr. Goclclard :
Whereas Senator Redfield Proctor, by his diligent re-
searches has discovered the Jonas Fay records of early
Vermont conventions, and has caused to be published and
distributed facsimiles of the same, together with accom-
panying documents and an explanatory statement ; there-
for,e, it is
Resolved, That The Vermont Historical Society ex-
presses its hearty thanks to Senator Proctor for the valuable
public service he has thus rendered ; and
Resolved, That the Secretary of this Society be in-
structed to send a copy of these resolutions to Senator
•^iuuuaiv.i, il vvao vji^i^i^u. tuat vvnci
the Society adjourns it be to meet in the Historical rooms
at Montpelier, at 2 -.30 o'clock in the afternoon of November
On motion, the meeting adjourned.
A true record,
Attest : Fred A. Howland,
Secretary pro tempore.
. ADJOURNED MEETING, NOVEMBER 15, 1904.
Pursuant to vote, the Society met in adjourned meet-
ing at its rooms in the State House on Tuesday afternoon,
November 15, 1904.
The meeting was called to order by President Benedict.
The following members were in attendance : G. G. Ben-
edict, F. A. Howland, E. M. Goddard, A. D. Farwell, and
J. A. De Boer.
On motion of Mr. Goddard, W. L. Burnap of Burling-
ton, Vt., and J. H. Walbridge of Concord, Vt., were elected
active members of the Society.
ADJOURNED MEETING, 1904. 37
Arrangements were made for securing from the Legis-
lature, then sitting, amendments of the Society's charter
and the customary resolution for the publication of its pro-
ceedings. For amendments to charter see Appendix A.
Mr. Goddard, the Librarian, in accordance with in-
struction received at the last meeting of the Society, report-
ed his proposed plan of reorganization of the Library of the
Vermont Historical Society. No action was taken other
than to accept the report.
It was voted, on motion of Mr. De Boer, to pay the li-
hrsrinn £qj- v.;*- ^erviccc during the: year, beginning October
I, 1904, the sum of One Hundred Dollars, ($100.00,) pay-
Adjourned, subject to the call of the President and
A true record.
Attest: J. A. De Bo£r,
The Rev. J. H. Babbitt.
James Howard Babbitt was born in Taunton, Mass.,
January 13, 1839. He was graduated from Amherst Col-
lege in 1865, and from Andover Theological Seminary in
1868. He was the faithful pastor of the following Con-
gregational Churches: In Waitsnetd, Vt, 1868-76; Swan-
ton, Vt., i^yySy; Ilighgatc, 187887; West Brattle^ro,
1 888- 1 900. After the latter date he resided at Andover,
Mass., without ministerial charge. He was Secretary of
the Vermont Sabbath School Association for eighteen years ;
Superintendent of Schools at Swanton and Brattleboro ; and
President of the Board of Trustees of Brattleboro
Academy. He died of apoplexy at Andover, September 14,
1903, leaving a widow and four sons.
He was held in high esteem throughout his useful
career as an able preacher and an exemplar of high ideals in
his sacred profession and in civic life.
The Rev. Allan D. Brown, ll. d.
The Rev. Allan D. Brown, LL. D., was born in Bata-
via, New York, September 2, 1848. He graduated from the
Naval Academy at Annapolis, May 28, 1863, and im-
mediately entered the service, being promoted through suc-
cessive grades until in 1868 he was made Lieut.-Com-
mander. In 1869, he began a three years' service as in-
structor at the Naval Academy, and in 1876, was again or-
dered to the Naval Academy as instructor, remaining there
until 1880, and meanwhile being promoted to Commander.
From 1SS0 to 1888, he was on duty at the torpedo station
in charge of the training ship "Jamestown," and at the
Naval Observatory at Washington, where he was instru-
mental in establishing the time-ball system and railroad
During a voyage to Montevideo, the fever, contracted
by him years before in the service, appeared in an acute
form, resulting in his retirement. Going to Brattleboro to
reside, he became a candidate for orders in the Episcopal
Church, and was advanced to the priesthood in 1895. He
had charge foi d. time of the episcopal Uhurch in Guilford,
and later of the Church at Barre.
Commander Brown was elected President of Norwich
University December 8, 1896, and was the head of that In-
stitution until his resignation by reason of ill health in
December, 1903. He died, as the result of disabilities con-
tracted while serving his country, at Waynesville, N. C,
April 3, 1904.
Mr. Brown was survived by a widow, two daughters,
Mrs. George Sutherland and Miss Helen Brown, and a son,
Few men have had so varied and meritorious a career.
As a naval officer, brave in service, scientific in investiga-
tion and scholarly as instructor at the Naval Academy, as
contributor to magazines, as minister, as president and up-
builder of Norwich University, his life was crowded with
useful service, even in the days of his declining health. A
constructive life of constant and unselfish endeavor leaves
a splendid record of accomplishment.
40 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Dr. James Conland.
Dr. James Conland of Brattleboro, was born of Irish
parentage in Brooklyn, N. Y., in 1851. His mother died
at an early age, and when the war was in progress, at the
age of twelve, he found employment in the Naval office in
Boston, and followed a sea- faring life for several years in
different capacities, on fishing boats, coasters and West
India vessels. After leaving the sea, Dr. Conland spent
several years in Connecticut and Massachusetts, and while
at work in a chair factory in Gardner, Mass., at the age of
twenty-four, he was employed by Dr. Jri. U. Jrioiton of Brat-
tleboro. He began his medical studies in the Medical De-
partment of the University of Vermont, in 1875, and re-
ceived a degree therefrom in 1878. He practiced for a
short time in Weston, Vt, then for about two years in
Cromwell, Conn., and returning to Brattleboro, formed a
partnership with Dr. Holton, which continued until two
years before his death. May 2, 1903.
Dr. Conland, though a democrat, was elected to the
legislature from Brattleboro in 1884, and later in 1900.
He was for many years a member of the Board of Pension
Examiners. He was an enthusiastic antiquarian, and had a
rare collection of pamphlets and publications relating to
He was the intimate friend of Rudyard Kipling, and
his family physician while the author and his family resided
in Brattleboro, and it is understood that the stories of his
sea life suggested the writing of ''Captains Courageous."
In collecting material for this novel, Dr. Conland accom-
panied Mr. Kipling on several occasions to Gloucester and
other points on the Massachusetts coast.
Dr. Conland married Matilda McGuirk at Cromwell,
Conn., in August, 1880, and his widow and one son survive
An antiquarian ; a tolerant and well rounded man ; a
skillful physician, beloved in a community deeply appreci-
ative of the unsparing, generous and valuable ministrations
of his professional life.
George Needham Dale.
George Needham Dale, who died at Island Pond on
Jan. 29, 1903, was born at Fairfax, Vt., Feb. 19, 1834.
When he was two years old, his parents moved to Waits-
field, Vt., where he passed most of the years of his minority.
He was educated in the schools of Waitsfield and at Thet-
ford Academy, and studied law with Paul Dillingham. He
was admitted to the bar in Washington County in 1856, and
located at Guildhall, which town he represented in the Leg-
islature in i860. He was State's Attorney of Essex County
for the years 1857, 1858, 1859 and i860; and in 1861, hav-
ing been appointed Deputy Collector of Customs at Island
Pond, he moved to that place where he ever after resided.
He was Deputy Collector of Customs from 1861 to 1866,
and again from 1872 to 1882 ; a senator from Essex County
in 1866, 1867, 1868 and 1869, and again in 1892-4, being
president pro tempore of the Senate in 1868 and 1869. He
was Lieutenant-Governor of Vermont during the years 1870
and 1 87 1. In 1892, he was elected representative of the
town of Brighton. From October, 1901, to October, 1902,
he was United States Consul at Coaticook, Canada. From
1864 to the time of his death he was counsel for the Grand
Trunk Railway Company.
42 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
October 7, 1863, Mr. Dale married Helen M., daughter
of Porter and Mary Hinman, and there were born to them
one son and two daughters. His wife and one daughter
and the son, Porter Hinman Dale of Island Pond, still sur-
A man of imposing presence, familiar acquaintance de-
tracted nothing from the impression made by his striking
personality. A great brain and a great heart were stored
within his massive frame. Sound lawyer ship, true judg-
ment and breadth of understanding fitted him for the high-
est grade of legal or public service, and his great powers
merited a wider field than he sought.
He was a strong speaker of oratorical temperament,
and his keen sympathy and literary taste are disclosed by
the numerous memorials of his friends, recently published
by his son.
Henry Davis Hall.
Henry Davis Hall was born in Bennington, May 5,1823,
being a son of the late Ex-Governor Hiland Hall, who was
for six years, 1860-5, th e honored President of this So-
ciety. Failing eyesight preventing him from entering col-
lege, he engaged in mercantile business and in manufactur-
ing, being for a time a member of a firm which was a
pioneer in American Pottery. Later he was associated with
his brother-in-law, the late Trenor W. Park, in lumber ; and
later in the manufacture of cotton cloth at North Benning-
ton. He made various contributions to local history, and in
1896 delivered an address on the Battle of Bennington be-
fore this Society, devoted largely to a refutation of the
claim made in the National Magazine of American History,
that a Col. John Williams, of Hoosick, N. Y., with a body
of New York troops, took a decisive part in the Battle of
Bennington. He was a School Trustee and President of
the North Bennington Library Association. He celebrated
the golden anniversary of his marriage to Caroline E.
Thatcher, in 1897. He died from heart clot December 15,
1903, at the home of his son-in-law, Henry T. Cushman, of
North Bennington, leaving the record of a loyal Vermonter,
a Christian gentleman, and an upright citizen.
The Rev. Henry A. Hazen, d. d.
Henry Alien Hazen was born in Hartford, Vt., Decem-
ber, 1827, He was graduated from Dartmouth College in
1854, and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1857;
was ordained to the Christian Ministry at St. Johnsbury
1858, and held the following pastorates of Congregational
Churches: Hardwick, Vt., 1858-9; Barton, Vt., i860; Ran-
dolph, 1861-2; Plymouth, N. H., 1863-8; Lyme, N. H.,
1868-70; Pittsfield, N. H., 1870-2; Billerica, Mass.,
1874-9. He was Secretary of the National Council of
Congregational Churches, 1883 5 °* tne New Hampshire
General Association, 1872-4; of the first two International
Congregational Councils, in London, Eng., 1891, and in
Boston, 1899. He was for several years Corresponding
Secretary of the New England Historic-Genealogical So-
ciety. He received the degree of D. D. from Marietta
(Ohio) College in 1891. He was the author of various
historical works, among them ''New Hampshire and Ver-
mont, a Historical Study" ; "The Ministers and Churches of
New Hampshire" and "History of Billerica. Mass." He
was elected a corresponding member of this Society in
1878, and remained such until his death, which took place
U THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
at Hartford, Vt., August 4, 1900. An eminent divine and
Edward Swift Isham.
Edward Swift Isham was born in Bennington, Vt, Jan-
uary 15, 1836, being the son of the Hon. Pierpont Isham,
Justice of the Supreme Court of Vermont. Mr. Isham en-
tered Williams College in 1853, was graduated in 1857 with
honors including election to the Phi Beta Kappa Society.
He studied law at the Harvard Law School, and was ad-
mitted to the bar at Rutland, Vt., in 1858. The same year
he went to Chicago and entered the law office of Hoyne,
Miller and Lewis. In 1865-6 he held his only political of-
fice, as a member of the Illinois legislature
In 1872 the firm of Isham and Lincoln was formed,
(of which Hon. Robert T. Lincoln, son of President Abra-
ham Lincoln, was the junior partner) which became
Isham, Lincoln and Beale in 1887. Mr. Isham was the
author of the article on "The Social and Economic Relations
of Corporations" in the Encyclopedia of Political Science" ;
of several historical papers, including "Frontenac and Miles
Standish in the Northwest," and "Ethan Allen: a Study of
Civic Authority," read before the Vermont Historical Society
November 2, 1898. Pie was a member of the New York
Historical Society, and many social organizations. In 1893,
his alma mater conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. Mr.
Isham died of heart failure at the Waldorf-Astoria, New
York, February 16, 1902. Pie married Frances Burch,
daughter of Thomas Burch, Esq., of Little Falls, N. Y.
She died February 9, 1894. Two sons, Pierrepont and
Edward S., and two daughters, Anne E. and Frances, sur-
vive their parents.
William Farrar Smith.
Major-General William F. Smith, the Vermont officer
of highest rank and greatest distinction in the Civil War,
was born in St. Albans, February 17, 1824, the son of Ash-
bel and Sarah (Butler) Smith.
He was appointed to the Military Academy at West
Point in 1841, and at graduation was fourth in the class of
1845. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the
Topographical Engineers, and from November. 1846, to
August, 1848, was Assistant Professor of Mathematics at
West Point. Afterward he- was engaged in the survey of
the upper lakes and of the military road in Texas, the con-
struction of which he superintended, and served on the
Mexican Boundary Commission. He had risen to the rank
of Captain and was serving as Secretary of the United
States Lighthouse Board, when, in January, 1861, he went
to Key West to put the lighthouses on the coast in a state
of defence against the anticipated outbreak of the war.
When President Lincoln called for volunteers, he resigned
his position on the Lighthouse Board, tendered his services
to his native state, and was appointed Colonel of the Third
Regiment of Vermont Volunteers. He was promoted
Brigadier-General of Volunteers August 13, 1861, and as-
sisted General McClellan in organizing the Army of the
Potomac. He secured the brigading together of the 2d, 3rd,
4th, 5th and 6th Vermont Regiments, — the first brigade
formed of troops of the same State, and the only brigade
permanently known by the name of its State in the army of
The limits of space in this report will not permit ex-
tended mention of the facts of his long and brilliant service,
46 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
as Commander of a Division of the Sixth Army Corps,
Commander of the Sixth Corps, Commander of the Tenth
Corps, Commander of the Eighteenth Corps, and Com-
mander of the Army of the James. In October, 1863,
he was Chief Engineer of the Army of the Cumberland,
and planned and executed the capture of Brown's Ferry,
thus saving the army from starvation and capture by
opening a short route for supplies. The attempt
thirty years later to give to another the credit for this feat,
embittered his later years, but cannot lessen his enduring
fame. March 7. 1867, he resigned from the Army after
twenty-two years of service, with the rank of Major-Gen-
eral of Volunteers. He received the following brevets :
Lieutenant-Colonel U. S. A. for gallant service in the Battle
of White Oak Swamp ; Colonel U. S. A. for like service in
the battle of Antietam ; Brigadier-General U. S. A. for gal-
lant and meritorious service at Chattanooga, and Major-
General U. S. A. for similar service in the field throughout
the war. It is a matter of record that President Lincoln
deemed him fit for the chief command of the U. S. Army.
After retiring from the army, he was President of the
International Telegraph Company, Chief of the Board of
Commissioners of Police in New York City, and in charge
of river improvements in Delaware and Maryland.
He married Miss Sarah Lyon, of New York. He
died at his home in Philadelphia, April 30, 1903, leaving a
daughter, Clara F., and a son, Stuart Farrar Smith.
Alonzo Buckingham Valentine.
Hon. A. B. Valentine was born in Bennington, April
1, 1830, of Revolutionary and patriotic lineage, his grand-
father having been a soldier in the War of the Revolu-
tion, and his father in the War of 1812. Soon after becom-
ing of age, he spent two years in California, was then en-
gaged in the lumber business in Wisconsin, and later in
manufacturing in Bennington. July 21, 1862, he enlisted in
the Tenth Regiment of Vermont Volunteers and was ap-
pointed Regimental Quartermaster. March 2, 1864, he was
promoted to be Captain and Commissary of Subsistence, U.
S. Vols., and served till the close of the war with the First
Vermont Brigade. June 25, 1864, he was brevetted Major
for faithful and meritorious service in the field, and was
honorably discharged June 30, 1865. Returning: to Ben-
nington, he engaged in manufacturing, and was at the head
of the Valentine Knitting Company during most of the re-
mainder of his life. He was State Senator from Benning-
ton County 18S6-7, and held at various times the offices
of President of the National Manufacturers' Association of
Knit Goods ; President of the Bennington County Savings
Bank ^ Vice-President of the Bennington Battle Monument
Association ; President of the Reunion Society of Vermont
Officers ; Commander of the Vermont Commandery of the
Order of the Loyal Legion; and Commander of the Ver-
mont Department of the Grand Army of the Republic. He
married in 1856 Miss Alma L., daughter of Trenor W.
Park. He died July 9, 1904. He was active in business,
interested in the welfare of his State and in promotion of
its interests, an esteemed citizen and upright man.
Thomas Waterman Wood.
Thomas Waterman Wood, artist, was born in Mont-
pelier, Vt., November 12, 1823, of Puritan stock, son of
John Wood and Mary (Waterman) Wood. His self-educa-
tion of early years was fostered by instruction in a Boston
48 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
studio. Ins 185 1. he painted portraits in Canada, Washing-
ton and Baltimore, and in 1858 he visited Europe to critically
study there the galleries of London, Paris, Florence and
Rome. On his return he began to paint portraits in Nash-
ville and Louisville, but, in 1866, he permanently settled in
New York City as a figure painter. In 1869 Mr. Wood
was elected an Associate of the National Academy of De-
sign ; in 1871, an Academician; in 1879, Vice-President; and
in 1891, President, which office he held for many years.
From 1878 to 1887 h- e served as President of the American
Water Color Society. Mr. Wood died in New York City.
April 13. 1903, and was buried in Green Mount Cemetery,
A fairly full reference to his life and work was pub-
lished in Vol. Ill, No. 5 of "The Vermonter," December,
1897, to which reference is made.
He founded and established in his native town a gallery
of art, comprising many copies of the masterpieces of fam-
ous artists, which is one of the finest galleries of paintings
in New England outside of Boston.
He was an ardent Vermonter, the most celebrated
painter his State has produced, and in his character
and work a true, strong, sincere and honest man. No one
has left a greater or more valuable collection of portraits
of distinguished contemporary Vermonters than Mr. Wood,
in which particular he did his State itself great service. Not
the least distinction attached to his work is his unique, faith-
ful and extraordinary success in interpreting Rembrandt's
works, which gives to his gallery at Montpelier its peculiar
THE RECOVERY OF THE FAY RECORDS.
Remarks of the President.
One of the most important and interesting- incidents
ever connected with the documentary history of our State,
is the recent discovery and recovery of the long lost Rec-
ords of the early General Conventions, in which the inde-
pendent Commonwealth of Vermont had its birth. Not
only have these records never until now Deen deposited in
the archives of our State, their whereabouts has been long
unknown to our historians, and their very existence has
been doubted by many.
From the year 1765, about which time the territory
which is now Vermont began to be known by the distinct-
ive title of "The New Hampshire Grants," down to the
year 1775, the town committees of safety appointed by the
settlers in the twenty odd towns on the west side of the
mountain line which had been reclaimed from the wilder-
ness and mainly constituted the inhabited portion of the
State, met from time to time to take measures to resist the
claims of the province of New York to the possession of
their lands. Of these earliest meetings or conventions, a
dozen or fifteen in number, no formal records, with a single
exception, are known to exist. The outbreak of the War
of the Revolution brought new exigencies upon the settlers,
and called for conventions of a higher order. These con-
sisted of delegates chosen for the purpose by the towns —
at first by the west side towns, later by towns on the east
side as well.
50 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
In the period of seventeen months between July 26,
1775, and December 24, 1777, eight of these general con-
ventions assembled, raised troops for the Continental Army
and for the defense of the frontier, declared the independ-
ence of Vermont, framed and adopted the First Constitu-
tion, and appointed the State Council of Safety, which was
the temporary State government of Vermont for eight
months, until, in March, 1778, the new State was fully
organized by the election of a Governor and General As-
x iic original records <^i uio instate Council ct »_,ci*cty
have long been safely kept in the office of the Secretary of
State ; but strange to say, one hundred and twenty-seven
years elapsed before a single line of the original records of
these most important conventions was deposited in the
archives of our State. It was perhaps due to the lack of
access to the records that the proceedings of these conven-
tions received such scant attention at the hands of our early
historians. Samuel Williams, who published the first His-
tory of Vermont in 1794, briefly alludes to the conventions,
but gives no extract from their records. Ira Allen, whose
history was printed in London, Eng., in 1798, barely men-
tions only two of the more important conventions. Before
Dr. Williams published the second edition of his history,
in 1809, however, he had had access to the original records,
and in the appendix to the second volume of that edition
he printed a part of the record of the Westminster Con-
vention of January 15, 1777. Slade, in his "State Papers,"
printed in 1823, barely alludes to the Dorset Convention of
July 24, 1776, saying: "There are no documents to be
found which furnish a particular account of the proceed-
THE RECOVERY OF THE FAT RECORDS. 51
ings." He also gives an imperfect abstract from the pro-
ceedings of the Dorset Convention of Sept. 25, 1776, how
obtained he does not state.
The newspapers did a little better than the historians
toward recording the proceedings of the conventions. The
Connecticut Courant, published at Hartford, which was one
of the five New England newspapers which passed through
the fires of the Revolution and was in a way the organ of
the Vermonters, there being no printing press at that time
in Vermont printed in its issue of March 17, 1777, the
"\7^rw^* T"> — lo — «-:-„ ^t T_ J J -j-^^^.i r i
before, and in the issue of June 30, 1777, it published a
part of the proceedings of the Windsor Convention of June
4 of that year, which adopted the name Vermont for the
new State. These publications probably were seen by very
few Vermonters, and they seem to have passed out of gen-
eral notice, until, in its issue of June 26. 1846, the Burling-
ton Free Press printed the same documents, prefacing them
with the erroneous statement that they had never been pub-
lished and that their existence was now for the first time
made known to the public, adding that they had been re-
cently dug from some "old rubbish" at Washington, D. C,
by Mr. Henry Stevens, "The Vermont Antiquarian." That
the Free Press received the copies of the documents from
Mr. Stevens is not doubted; where Mr. Stevens obtained
them is not so sure.
Nothing fuller or better than such fragmentary reports
of the membership and proceedings of only three of the
general conventions reached the public until the first vol-
ume of the Collections of the Vermont Historical Society
was published, in 1870. This volume contains in consecu-
52 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
tive order the proceedings of six general conventions held
between January 16, 1776, and June 4, 1777 — the records of
five of these conventions and of a part of the sixth being
copies of copies made from the original records, and fur-
nished to the Committee of Publication (consisting of Gov.
Hiland Hall, Charles Reed and E. P. Walton) by the late
Hon. James H. Phelps of West Townshend. Mr. Phelps
was a judge of the County Court, Register of Probate, and
State Senator for two terms. He was much interested in
early Vermont history and was in the habit of taking copies
of imDortant documents as they came to hi^ nntirp He
had had at one time in his possession for three days the old
account book or ledger, long known to very few persons,
but now become famous, in which Dr. Jonas Fay, the stand-
ing Secretary of the General Conventions, recorded their
proceedings for permanent preservation. Forty folio pages
of this ledger contain the records, in the handwriting of
Jonas Fay and attested by his well-known signature, and
from these pages Mr. Phelps must have made his copies.
From whom he obtained the book, or to whom he returned
it, or where it could be found, he, so far as appears, never
stated — his reticence on the subject being so marked as to
compel the supposition that he had some especial reason for
his silence. He furnished his copies to the Committee of
Publication with the appended statement that they were
copied by him, November 18th, 19th and 20th, 18G2, "from
the original records." This was the extent of the infor-
mation supplied by him to the committee. The committee,
as they say, made careful search for the originals, but with-
out success, and they added that they were not known to
be in existence.
THE RECOVERY OF THE FAY RECORDS. 53
The publication of the Phelps copies was followed bv
an abusive atack on the Committee of Publication., in the
columns of the "New York Historical Magazine/' In this
its editor, the late Henry B. Dawson of Morrisania, N. Y«,
charged the committee with fraudulent garbling of the rec-
ords, basing his charge chiefly on a few unimportant changes
in spelling made by the copyist, which he (Dawson,) had
discovered on comparing the copies, as printed, with what
he declared to be and in time were proved to be "the orig-
inal minutes" of the conventions. His charges were con-
vincingly refuted by Governor Hall, and the only import-
ant circumstance in the matter was Mr. Dawson's claim
that he possessed the original minutes. Where or how he
obtained them he had a good reason for not disclosing.
Several years later he printed the records in his magazine.
Not much attention, however, was given in Vermont to his
claim, or to his republication of the records, doubtless
because of his unscrupulous character which made his word
of small account, and because of his bitter hostility to the
early Vermonters, whom he was wont to stigmatize as "ren-
egades," "secessionists," "traitors," "outlaws" and "thieves."
The later Vermonters resented his slanders and had no use
for Mr. Dawson.
Dawson and his magazine died, and the matter passed
out of public notice until recalled by the recent discovery,
among the manuscripts in the Library of Congress, of forty
sheets of manuscript records of certain Vermont conven-
tions. These were noticed by Mr. Albert S. Batchellor, of
New Hampshire, when he was delving in the library for
New Hampshire documents. The discovery attracted the
interest of Senator Redfield Proctor. He took up a careful.
54 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
inquiry into the genuine character of the manuscript, and
having, through laborious investigation and voluminous
correspondence, occupying upwards of six months, estab-
lished the fact that these were the original Fay records, and
having learned how they came to be in Washington, he
had the sheets photolithographed, and printed in a hand-
some volume, with accompanying documents and a clear
and most interesting explanatory statement of the facts
brought to light in his search. Copies of this volume have
been distributed gratuitously by the Senator to the county
clerks' offices, to the public libraries and to many private
libraries in Vermont and elsewhere.
From the results of the Senator's investigations it ap-
pears that the Jonas Fay ledger passed after his death into
the possession of the family and descendants of Dr. Jona-
than Safford, who was the step son and partner of Jonas
Fay; that sometime between i860 and 1870 Mr. Dawson
found the ledger in the possession of Mr. E. B. Safford of
West Rupert; that he obtained the loan of the book, took
it to his home, cut from it the precious sheets, and returned
it after a few weeks, minus the records — this without apol-
ogy or payment. Some twenty years later Dawson tried to
sell the manuscripts to the New York State Library for
a hundred and fifty dollars, stating falsely, in writing,
that he paid a hundred dollars for the privilege of tak-
ing them "from the ledger of Jonas Fay, the secretary
of the meetings in which the Vermonters concocted
their treasonable schemes," and that for twenty years
they had been the choicest treasure of his (Dawson's) li-
brary. The New York State librarian declined to pur-
chase, and at some later time Dawson must have sold them
THE RECOVERY OF THE FAY RECORDS. 55 - S <*
to the Library of Congress. It is not necessary to charac-
terize this transaction on the part of Mr. Dawson. If he
permitted judge Phelps to copy from the ledger, while it
was in his hands, he probably pledged Phelps to silence.
Since the publication of the facsimiles, Senator Proc-
tor has, through a special act of Congress, procured the
restoration of the Fay records to the State of Vermont, and
they are now deposited in the office of the Secretary of
State, in this building. The Senator has also obtained
from the widow of E. B. Safford the Fay ledger, in the
condition in which it was left after its mutilation by Daw-
son,, and he has transferred it to this Society for future
Upon the high value of the service rendered by Sena-
tor Proctor in the establishment of the genuine character
of these early records, the publication of the facsimiles and
accompanying history, and restoration of the records to the
State archives, I will not take time to dwell. The simple
facts constitute a high tribute to his munificent public spirit
and deserve grateful recognition from the citizens of the
State he serves so well in his high office. Such recogni-
tion would doubtless take the form most acceptable to him,
if the Legislature would take steps to comply with the wish,
expressed in the Senator's letter to the President of the
Society, which prefaces the volume of facsimiles, that "the
State would collect and preserve in convenient and acces-
sible form everything attainable relating to the making of
our State, including many valuable manuscripts relating to
the history of that period, existing in the National Depart-
ment of State, the Library of Congress, the New York State
Library, and in our own State/' which have come under his
eye in recent investigations. /
AN ADDRESS, DELIVERED BEFORE THE VER
MONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY, OCTOBER 27,
*904, IN THE HALL OF THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES, BY HON.
CHARLES H. DARLING, ASSIST-
ANT SECRETARY OF
THE U. S. NAVY.
Mr. President, Members of the Vermont Historical Society,
Ladies and Gentlemen:
Mr. Roosevelt in his Naval War of 1812 says of Com-
modore Macdonough : "Down to the time of the Civil War,
he was the greatest figure in our naval history." The life
of a naval officer is consumed largely in preparation and
woiHticr Tf 1-iic nnnnrtunihr npvfr rnmp; hf- ra^sp? thrnncrh
his several grades of promotion and is retired with little
reward save the full consciousness of duties well done. If
perchance fortune brings the supreme moment and his name
is enrolled among the immortals his title to that fame often
flows from capricious sources. It may follow from a ca-
reer long and varied, it may depend upon a single conflict,
or it may be traced to a conspicuous incident of battle.
Paul Jones's retort, "We have just begun to fight," Law-
rence's "Don't give up th,e ship," and Perry's message, "We
have met the enemy and they are ours," are known around
Macdonough lived in a romantic age of our naval his-
tory. He was the contemporary of Hull, Decatur, Law-
rence, Porter, Stewart and others. The lives of many of
these have been written, their records preserved, their mem-
ory duly honored ; but who was this Macdonough, who,
down to the time of the Civil War, was the greatest figure
of them all? Lake Champlain is a small inland body of
water and the general reader can hardly conceive that it
was the scene of a great naval conflict, and for Macdon-
60 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
ough, except in connection with this battle, you may search
the pages of history almost in vain.
His memory will always be closely associated with the
history of this State, and it is but due to this Society that
its records should bear a brief memorial of this remarkable
His family, as the name indicates, was of Scotch origin.
but owing to the disturbed condition of that country, emi-
grated to Ireland. His grandfather, James Macdonough,
came to America about 1730 and settled at New Castle,
Delaware, at a place known as "The Trappe." He continued
to reside there until his death in 1792. Thomas Macdon-
ough, Sr... the father of the Commodore, was born there
in 1747, and there he studied and practiced medicine until
the opening of the Revolution. In March, 1776, he re-
ceived a major's commission from the Continental Congress
and joined the Colonial forces. His first engagement was
in the battle of Long Island, in which he was wounded, and
for gallant conduct in this action received the thanks of
Washington. Subsequently he was in the battles of White
Plains, Trenton and Princeton. In 1782 he was made col-
onel of the Seventh Regiment of the Delaware^fmHtia. • 4n
1788 he was appointed a justice of the Court of Common
Pleas and Orphan's Court and was reappointed in .1791, and
again in 1793. He died in 1795 at the age of 48 years.
Thomas Macdonough, Jr., the Commodore, was born
at the Trappe, on December 31, 1783.
The Trappe is hardly a village or even a hamlet. It
consists of a cross-roads with an aggregate of four houses,
and was dignified in 1844 by the Postofhce Deoartment with
the name of McDonough. in honor of the Commodore. In
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 61
this case the name is spelled McDonough, as it was some-
times used by the Commodore, but he generally spelled it
Macdonongh and this is now the accepted spelling.
Thomas Macdonough was one of four brothers, the
oldest of whom served in the navy of the United States and
lost a leg in the battle between the Constellation and
L'Insitrgente on February 18, 1799. Thomas's early life was
passed on. the farm at The Trappe, and he enjoyed the usual
experiences of farmer and country boys. His early educa-
tion must have been limited and perhaps neglected, for we
find him serving an apprenticeship as a clerk in a ctcrc at
the little cross-roads town of Middletown, in the State of
Delaware, at the age of sixteen, when on the fifth day of
February, 1800, he was appointed a midshipman in the navy
by President John Adams.
Midshipman Macdonough was assigned to the United
States ship Ganges at New Castle, Delaware, which set sail
for the West Indies against the French who were then at
war on the sea with the United States. His first voyage was
an unhappy one. The Ganges cruised for a time in the
West Indies and captured two Guineamen and a French pri-
vateer. The man-of-war at that time, unlike the warship
of the present day, was not equipped with ice-plants, distil-
ling apparatus and laundries, and the yellow fever broke out
on board and many died. Young Macdonough caught the
disease and was sent ashore at Havana. After remaining
in a Spanish hospital for some time, he set sail in an Ameri-
can merchant vessel for the United States, but off the capes
of Delaware the merchantman was captured by an English
war vessel on account of having Spanish property on board.
Macdonough was subsequently put on shore at Norfolk,
62 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Virginia, destitute and almost without clothing-, and in this
dilemma made his way home, having been absent about one
year, during which time his illness with yellow fever had
been reported, and his family understood that he was dead.
On October 20, 1S01, he joined the Constitution and
sailed for the Mediterranean, returning in May, 1803. On
the 24th of that month he was ordered to the ship Philadel-
phia, then fitting out, and again sailed for the Mediterran-
ean. The Barbary States, including Morocco, Algeria, Tunis
and Tripoli, were at that time sending' out pirates to prey
upon the commerce of the world, and were exacting tribute
from every nation that sent its ships into the [Mediterranean.
England had looked with disfavor upon the growing com-
merce of the United States and was paying extra tribute to
Tripoli to encourage the pirate trade and for the purpose
of destroying American commerce. The United States hav-
ing declared war against Tripoli, a squadron was maintained
in the Mediterranean, first under Commodore Richard Dale,
afterward under Commodores Richard V. Morris, Edward
Preble and Charles Stewart. The Philadelphia, commanded
by Captain Bainbridge. was sent to join this squadron.
The Philadelphia falling in with a pirate vessel from
Morocco, the Mirboka, twenty-two guns, captured her with-
out resistance and Macdonough was placed on board with a
prize crew to take her to Gibraltar. The brig turned out to
be the Celia of Boston which had been captured but a short
time before and it was found that the captain carried an order
from the governor of Tangier to capture Americans. Mac-
donough was left at Gibraltar with the Mirboka while the
Philadelphia went for a cruise off Tripoli. Meanwhile
Commodore Preble arrived at Gibraltar and arrangements
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 63
were made for the return of the Mirboka to the Emperor of
Morocco, after which Macdonough joined the ship of Com-
modore Preble intending to continue as a passenger until
they met the Philadelphia, (a) They fell in with a British
frigate from which they learned that the Philadelphia had
run upon a reef off Tripoli and been captured with all on
board and towed into the harbor. The officers and men were
kept in close confinement for over a year and a half and
while thus a prisoner Capt. Bainbridge sent a communica-
tion to Commodore Preble advising him that he might enter
the harbor in 3 sui3.ll vessel anr t wi7p pn^ destroy *-Viq ~Phu.t-
Macdonough meanwhile had been transferred to the En-
terprise, commanded by Lieut. Stephen Decatur. Upon hear-
ing of the plan to destroy the Philadelphia, Decatur at once
volunteered for the expedition. In November, 1804, the En-
terprise had captured a small ketch known as the Mastico,
on which were some Greeks, Turks and Tripolitans, among
whom were officers and soldiers and a number of slaves.
This ketch was selected for the expedition and renamed the
Intrepid. Decatur was assigned to her command and Com-
modore Stewart directed that five midshipmen be taken from
the Constitution and the balance of the officers and men
from the Enterprise. On February 4, 1804, Decatur
mustered the crew of the Enterprise and, after com-
municating to them the task he was to undertake, asked for
volunteers. As has often been the case in the American
navy in enterprises of great danger, officers and crew came
(a) In some histories, as in the Vermont Governor and
Council, it is erroneously stated that Macdonough was on the
Philadelphia when she was captured.
64 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
forward in a body. Decatur selected from the Enterprise
his lieutenants, James Lawrence, Joseph Bainbridge and
Jonathan Thorne. his surgeon, Lewis Heermann, and his
favorite midshipman, Thomas Macdonough. Sixty of the
crew were chosen and the party went on board the Intrepid.
A pilot acquainted with the harbor of Tripoli, whose name,
Decatur says, was Salvador Catalano, was sent from the
Constitution, and Midshipman Anderson from the Siren,
making in all seventy-one. Little time was allowed for prep-
aration, and an hour after receiving notice, the little band set
sail, accompanied bv the Swcn under Lieutenant Stewart
which was to assist the ketch and in case of her destruction,
which was considered probable, rescue her crew. Combus-
tibles for destroying ships and two or three weeks' provisions
Tripoli was sighted February y, and to avoid suspicion
the Intrepid anchored after dark about a mile westward of
the town. A strong gale was blowing and the pilot and
most of the officers deeming the entrance unsafe in the face
of the storm, the vessel soon weighed anchor and stood out
to sea. When the gale subsided a successful attempt was
made to enter the harbor. The Siren's character as a war
vessel was concealed and she stood outside during the day,
while the Intrepid, with a part of her crew below and the rest
disguised as Maltese, maintained the appearance of being
anxious to enter the harbor before nightfall. As darkness
advanced the Intrepid was within three miles of the eastern
entrance of the harbor, with the Siren three miles astern.
The wind grew lighter and Decatur abandoned the plan of
waiting for the Siren and gave orders to proceed, saying
"the fewer the number the greater the honor." The plan of
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 65
seizing the Philadelphia was agreed upon in detail and the
officers and men assigned to divisions for the purpose of
carrying it out, the watchword ''Philadelphia" was agreed
upon and the ketch entered the harbor in silence. A light
wind wafted the Intrepid up the bay, the young moon lighted
up the water and made the concealment of the officers neces-
sary. Now the first battery was passed and the Intrepid
neared the Philadelphia. The enemy hailed the Intrepid,
whose pilot, previously instructed, replied that they had
lost their anchors in the gale and asked permission to run
<x IGpC t'O luc mgaiv, ci.ii.Kj. FiClCI uj Uiltii SilCilGrS CGulCi l/C Sfi
cured from the shore. The Tripolitans then asked what
brig was in the offing, for notwithstanding their precautions,
the Siren had been seen. The pilot with great tact replied
that it was the Transfer, a former British man-of-war which
had been purchased by the Tripolitans at Malta, the arrival
of which was anxiously expected.
As the Intrepid was closing in on the frigate, the wind
shifted and left her about twenty yards away.
This was a moment of great anxiety. The Intrepid,
motionless and powerless except by movements which would
betray her character, was directly under the guns of the
Philadelphia. A boat from the Intrepid took a rope and
made it fast to the chains of the Philadelphia, while a boat
from the Philadelphia brought a rope from that ship and
passed it to the Intrepid; the crew hauled on the lines, and
the Intrepid was drawn gradually to the Philadelphia. When
nearly in contact, the suspicions of the enemy were aroused
and the cry of "Americanos" resounded through the ship.
The Intrepid was ordered off, but in a moment more she
closed with the Philadelphia, and Decatur gave the order to
66 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
board. There was no time for preparation on the part of
the enemy and they scarcely made a show of resistance.
Crowded together and trampling upon each other in disorder
the Tripolitans were either cut down or driven overboard.
The American officers and men now separated in sev-
eral parties and seized the respective parts of the ship as had
previously been agreed upon, Midshipmen Macdonough and
Laws seizing the berth-deck and forward store-room. Five
minutes sufficed to clear the ship of the enemy, and Decatur
was in full possession, destined to be her last, as his father
had been her first, commander. In less than twcut;, minutes
the combustibles had been distributed and set on fire, and the
party was again on board the Intrepid. Those detailed to
fire the ship were driven from below by the smoke, and soon
the crackling of the flames gave indication that the destroy-
ing element had in turn assumed the mastery of the vessel.
The spectacle was weird and magnificent. The fire
issued from the ports and mounted the hatchways and the
whole ship was soon enveloped in flames, lighting up the city
and surrounding shipping. The brilliant illumination, its
reflection upon the water, the overhanging cloud of smoke,
the lurid glare reflected over the quaint old city and the dark
shadows which formed the background completed a picture
of thrilling grandeur. As the loaded guns of the Philadel-
phia became heated they were discharged and mingled their
roar with that of the flames above. Those manning the
shore batteries were dazed at first but soon recovered and
the fire of cannon became general. In the midst of this
scene the crew of the Intrepid gave three cheers and com-
menced their retreat. The enemy's marksmanship was
bad and the crew of the Intrepid were in more danger
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 67
from the guns of the burning Philadelphia than from those
of the shore batteries, and although under the fire of a hun-
dred guns for nearly half an hour she was struck by only a
single shot passing through the top-gallant sail. The crew
made use of sweeps and favored by a light breeze were soon
out of danger. The scene was consummated by a terrific
explosion which announced that the flames had reached
the magazine of the Philadelphia. She sank close to the
shore where she drifted after the melting of her chains.
'At the entrance of the harbor the ketch was met by the
Siren and the iwo crews jOmcd in genei*&l fejoicing zJi the
success of the expedition.
This act has always been deemed one of the most bril-
liant and thrilling in the history of the navy, and down to
the time of the Civil War it had no equal. Nelson was in
command of the British fleet blockading Toulon at the time
and when the news of the achievement reached him he pro-
nounced it "the most bold and daring act of the age."
Congress gave a sword to Decatur and the other offi-
cers were suitably rewarded. Nearly all of these young
officers became distinguished in our subsequent naval his-
Macdonough's life from the war with Tripoli to the
autumn of 1812, when he took command of the boats on
Lake Champlain, was that of a regular naval officer and
sailor. During the administration of Jefferson the navy had
been suffered to languish, and like many other officers he
had been furloughed and joined the merchant service.
On his return to the United States from Tripoli in 1806
he was detached from the Siren "and ordered to Middle-
town, Connecticut, under command of Captain Hull, and
68 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
later to the Wasp, in which he made a trip to England and
France, returning by way of the Mediterranean. When the
Wasp again reached the United States, in conjunction with
other vessels she cruised along the coast from Boston to
Charleston for the purpose of enforcing the embargo laws. In
January, 1807, he received his appointment as a lieutenant
in the navy, and was ordered to the Wasp, then at the Wash-
ington navy yard. On the last day of March, 1809, Mac-
donough was ordered to the frigate Essex and in September
of the same year was given charge of the gunboats in Con-
necticut atid R.hod p Tcinnd po|nrniiirr f^ Washington
under orders dated April, 18 10. he was granted a furlough
of several months that he might make a voyage to the East
Indies, but in May he was ordered to the Chesapeake for a
period of twelve days, after which he resumed his furlough.
Another furlough was granted him in October, 181 1; and
July 17th of the following year he was ordered to the Con-
stitution, leaving that ship a month later to take command
of the vessels at Portland, Maine, and going from that
point to Lake Champlain.
In the fall of 181 1 there occurred an incident between
the Secretary of the Navy, Paul Hamilton, and Macdon-
ough which led the latter to suggest the presentation of his
resignation. The matter was satisfactorily arranged, how-
ever, and the request of Macdonough for another furlough,
which was the cause of the difference, was granted by the
Department. In reply to Macdonough's letter stating that
he would feel compelled to resign unless his request was
favored, he was informed that in consideration of his good
standing his request would be granted.
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 69
Although this was a period of peace during which Mac-
donough was occupied with the ordinary duties of a sailor's
life, it was not without adventure. One of these occurred
soon after he was furloughed in May, 1810, and ordered to
make a voyage in the merchant service. As captain of the
merchant brig Gulliver he sailed from New York for Liver-
pool, and later to Calcutta. On the evening of the day be-
fore the brig was to leave Liverpool, Macdonough, who had
been on shore, was returning to the wharf to proceed to his
ship, when he was accosted by a man who asked if he be-
longed to anv shin in the harbor. On his replying that ^
belonged to the brig Gulliver, he was seized by several men
and taken to a British frigate, enrolled on the purser's list,
given a hammock and ordered forward, no attention being
paid to his assertion that he was not only an American but
an officer in the navy. Lying in his hammock he made
plans for his escape, and when the corporal of the guard
had entered and gone to sleep in an adjoining hammock,
Macdonough dressed himself in the corporal's uniform and
walked boldly on deck. Saluting the officer of the deck he
asked permission to examine the second cutter alongside, in
which he said he suspected there was rum concealed. Not
being recognized, permission was readily given, but as Mac-
donough passed the forward hatch he saw the real corporal's
head coming up. With a blow of his fist he sent the cor-
poral to the bottom of the ladder and quickly swung himself
into the cutter and severed the rope. The strong current
soon carried the boat off and in spite of pursuit Macdon-
ough reached the shore and joined his own ship. At this
time he is reported to have said: 'If I live, I'll make Eng-
land remember the day she impressed an American sailor."
70 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
It is related that while the squadron was at Syracuse
the officers and men were often set upon by ruffians and
that on one occasion Decatur and Midshipman Macdon-
ough, while passing down one of the streets of the city at
night, were attacked by three men. Drawing their swords
they defended themselves so successfully that the men were
driven off, and Macdonough pursued one of them to the
top of a house, from which the man jumped to the ground
and perished from the fall.
In 1806, while first lieutenant of the Siren, then lying
in the harbor at Gibraltar. Macdonough, in the absence of
the captain, who was on shore, rescued an American sea-
man who had been impressed by the crew of a British frig-
ate from one of the merchantmen in the harbor. Hearing
of the incident Macdonough ordered his gig to be manned
and armed and pursued the boat of the press gang, rescu-
ing the seaman from alongside the British frigate. The cap-
tain of the frigate went cm board the Siren in a great pas-
sion and demanded of Macdonough how he dared take a
man from one of his majesty's boats. He then threatened
to bring his frigate alongside the Siren and retake the man
by force. Macdonough replied that he supposed the frigate
could sink the Siren, but so long as she could swim he
would keep the man. The British made a demonstration
as though they would board the Siren, but the prompt prep-
arations by Macdonough induced them to give up the at-
tempt. Macdonough was at this time about twenty-three
years of age.
On September 12, 1812, Macdonough, then stationed at
Portland, Maine, was ordered to take command of the ves-
sels on Lake Champlain. He made the journey across the
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 71
country on horseback, carrying only a bundle and a valise,
and attended only by a country boy who returned with his
horse. He reached Burlington at the end of four days'
journey and took command of the fleet, which consisted of
*\/ two sloops, the Eagle and Grou-ler, and two or three small
galleys. There were two other sloops on the lake known
as the President and ^^ontgomcry, which have sometimes
been included in Macdonough's fleet. They were, however,
in no naval engagement and are not mentioned in any of
Macdonough's correspondence. After he first arrived at the
lake they :cem iz have dropped out v^f all account. From
a study of the records of the War and Navy Departments
the history of the two vessels may be explained as follows :
Prior to Macdonough's assuming command of the fleet all
government vessels on the lake were under command of
General Dearborn of the army. At that time the sloop Pres-
ident was included in the fleet. Under date of September
12, 1812, the Secretary of War wrote to General Dearborn
that a naval officer by the name of Macdonough had been
ordered to take command of the flotilla on the lake, and
October 16th following, General Dearborn replied main-
taining that there should be but one commander on the lake
and that he should be under the War Department. He pro-
tested against a naval officer being placed in command and
suggested an appeal to the President. He further wrote,
however, that he had so far complied with the order of the
Secretary of War as to turn over two of the vessels, but
would not turn over the other unless Macdonough and the
whole fleet were placed under his command. It is probable
that when General Dearborn turned over the Eagle and the
Grozvler he did not turn over the third vessel, which he
72 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
stated he would not do unless compelled to. The third ves-
sel, which is referred to as the President, probably continued
in the service of the War Department. During the next
year, 1813, the War Department purchased the Montgom-
ery, which with the President, was doubtless used and main-
tained by the army for conveying- troops and supplies up and
down the lake. Niles's Register, the best authority on naval
matters of the time, while including the President and Mont-
gomery in Macdonough's fleet, states that the President
was purchased by the War Department in 181 2 and the
Montgomery in 181^; f ^ f thev ^^r^ nni- in the. naval en-
gagement on the lake, and were sold in 181 5. The War
Department is not mentioned by Niles as having any con-
nection with any other vessel in Macdonough's fleet, and
while Macdonough commanded the entire naval flotilla upon
the lake, these two vessels, the President and Montgomery,
were retained and used exclusively in the service of the
War Department and were at no tinie any part of Macdon-
Upon his arrival at the lake Macdonough commenced
at once to collect men, ammunition and supplies, but dur-
ing the fall of 1812 and summer of 1813 little was accom-
plished. The British continued to control the north end of
the lake and during the summer of 181 3 Macdonough sent
the Eagle and Growler under Lieutenant Sidney Smith to
drive the enemy down the lake. The British retired and
Smith, following rashly, struck a rapid current in shoal
water, grounded and lost both vessels to the enemy. Thus
at the close of 181 3 the British were virtually in command
of the lake.
The fall of Napoleon Bonaparte in April. 1814, had
relieved England from her struggle with France and left her
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 73
free to pursue the war in America. She organized a large
force in Canada for the purpose of driving the Americans
from the lake and surrounding country, with the intention
of making connections with New York by way of the Hud-
son River, with a view to cutting off New England from
the other States. The forces on land were commanded by
Sir George Prevost and on the lake by Captain George
Macdonough had purchased a sloop from the lake ser-
vice known as the Rising Sun and rechristened her the
Preble. IIv also pui chafed a steamboat, probaoiy ine one
known as the Vermont, and rechristened her the Ticondcr-
oga. This is the first case in which steam power was ap-
plied to a naval vessel, but as her engines were constantly
breaking down, Macdonough soon determined to take out
the machinery and refit her as a schooner.
Hearing of the intended invasion, Macdonough re-
paired to Vergennes, about seven miles up the Otter Creek,
to overhaul the Ticonderoga and Preble and to build a ship
and some large galleys. Vergennes for those times was
something of a centre of industry. There were several saw-
mills, a grist-mill, a slitting-mill, a shop for making nails,
a steel foundry and several forges. One foundry alone had
nine fires. Iron ore was mined at Monkton, a town near by,
and large tracts of timber land were easily available. At
one of the foundries one hundred and twenty-seven tons of
cannon shot were cast for the fleet.
The winter was well advanced before any considerable
work was done on the vessels, but early in the spring the
woods and valleys around rang with the sound of axe and
hammer. In a letter written by Daniel Wright in 1835 he
74 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
states that in March, 1814, he was called into the service of
the United States to aid in forwarding timber to the ship-
yard at Vergennes to build three large vessels for the lake
and several gunboats. Fifty men were sent to his house to
be boarded while they were cutting timber. He labored
with them with a team of his own. The order to procure
and forward the timber was executed in five and a half days
by one hundred and ten men.
The three vessels referred to in this letter must have
been the Ticondcroga, the Preble and Saratoga. The trees
uui. uf >vliiv_li the Saratoga was built were standing in the
forest forty days previous to her being launched.
May 14, 1813, before Macdonough had got his fleet
out of the creek, the British sent a sloop and sixteen galleys
to destroy it as it lay at anchor. They attacked the battery
at the mouth of the creek, but Macdonough, with what ves-
sels he had afloat, dropped down the creek and put the
enemy to flight. Local historians maintain that this en-
gagement is entitled to more serious consideration than has
been given it in history.
In July following Macdonough learned that the British
had laid the keel of a new frigate at the lower end of the
lake. He again commenced preparations for building and
the country around Vergennes was again enlivened by his
work upon a new brig. The keel was laid on July 29th, and
she was launched on August 16th, nineteen days after the
laying of the keel, including Sundays. This brig was also
named the Eagle and was substantially of the same size as
Perry's flagships Lawrence and Niagara on Lake Erie, while
the Saratoga was much superior to Perry's largest vessel.
The time in which Perry built his ships has often been men-
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 75
tioned in praise and wonder, but Macdonough's ships were
not only of larger tonnage but were built and completed in
a shorter time.
When Macdonough had completed his brig he crossed
the lake and took up his position in Plattsburgh Bay. His
fleet then consisted of the Eagle, the Ticonderoga, and the
Preble, with four small and six large galleys. He reasoned
that the British would not venture to pass up the lake and
leave his fleet to harass them in the rear, and determined to
anchor his vessels, await the attack of the British and fight
his ships a ^ anchor. Pants in JPownie's fleet sliphtJy cur.
passed that of Macdonough in number, tonnage, battery and
Spear, in "The History of Our Navy," says "the two
leading British ships had as great a weight of metal in long
guns as the whole Yankee squadron, gunboats and all."
Cooper, in his Naval History, says : "The force of the
enemy was materially greater than that of the Americans."
Mr. Roosevelt, in his Naval War of 1812, has made a
careful and detailed analysis of the strength of the respect-
ive forces, as follows :
MACDONOUGH S FORC£.
Name. Tons. (
Six. gun-boats 420
Four gun-boats 160
76 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Confiance 1200 325 480
Linnet 350 125 96
Chubb 112 50 96
Finch 1 10 50 84
Five gun-boats 350 205 254
Seven gun-boats 280 182 182
Macdonough's Force. — Fourteen vessels of 2.244 tons
and 882 men, with 86 guns throwing a broadside of 1,194
pounds of shot, 480 pounds from long and 714 from short
Jjownie's Squadron- — Sixteen vessels ot about 2,402
tons, with 937 men, and a total of 92 guns, throwing a broad-
side of 1,192 pounds. 660 from long and 532 from short
To understand fully the consummate skill with which
Macdonough placed his fleet it is necessary to explain that
the lake is a narrow body of water, running, unlike most of
the waters of the United States, from the south toward the
north. Such is its shape and that of the mountains about
it that the wind commonly blows either directly up or down
Much credit has always been given to the manner in
which Macdonough anchored his ships. The histories of
the battle invariably speak of his having anchored with
"springs," but never explain what is meant by anchoring
with a spring. The purpose of anchoring with a spring is
to enable the ship to be turned while lying at anchor, but as
this is purely a nautical term it is necessary to explain at
some length just how this is accomplished. If a string be
attached to a float in a running stream the float will bring
up with the end to which the string is attached pointing up
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 77
stream. In a like manner if an anchor is thrown out from
the prow or stern of a ship the ship will bring up with the
stem or prow to which the anchor is attached facing up the
current, or into the wind if the sails are set and that is the
controlling force. If after the ship is so brought up a sec-
ond anchor is dropped from the stern or other end of the
ship, and the first anchor is raised, the ship will immediately
turn about and the stern, to which the second anchor is at-
tached, will face up the current or into the wind as the case
may be. If a line is carried from a ship swinging at anchor
to Qnmp fiv^ri oKj eC f on chore or at some distance From the
side of the ship and the line pulled in, the ship will swing
around or be drawn toward the object to which the line is
attached. To accomplish this small anchors, known as
"kedge" anchors are frequently carried out in boats from the
ship and dropped at some distance. Lines may also be car-
ried from the main anchor chains to different parts of the
ship for the same purpose. This is what is meant by an-
choring with a spring.
Macdonough availed himself of all these expedients.
He dropped an anchor from the bow, another from the
stern ; he attached lines to the anchor chains, and he also
carried out kedge anchors to either side of the ship and in
this manner by raising or letting go on one anchor and pull-
ing in on different lines he was able to turn and manoeuver
The American fleet was formed in a double line of bat-
tle across the entrance to Plattsburg Bay from Cumberland
Head toward Crab Island. In the outer line were the Eagle,
Saratoga, Ticonderoga and Preble, in order named from
Cumberland Head southward, while the gunboats made up
78 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
the inner line. The British line from the north southward
was as follows : Chubb, Linnet, Confiance and Finch, with
the gunboats between the two latter vessels and extending
the line. By this formation Macdonough prevented Dow-
nie's ships from passing around his line of battle on account
of shoal water at the ends of the line and in addition the
British commander was unable to draw out his full line
unless he did so outside the bay.
At a little past eight on a beautiful Sunday morning,
September n, 1814, the British hove around Cumberland
Head. Macdonough knelt in prayer on thp rWk anrl await-
ed the enemy. When the Confiance had come into full view
Downie hove to for the purpose of allowing his gunboats to
come up. He then ordered them to attack the southern end
of the American line, and while the Chubb and Linnet at-
tempted to turn the northerly end of the line, he proceeded
to attack the Saratoga and Ticondcroga with his own ship
and the Finch. Macdonough waited until the Confiance
came within range and then fired the first gun himself. The
twenty-four pound shot raked the deck of the Confiance,
killing and wounding several men and carrying away her
wheel. This was the signal for general firing on the part
of the Americans. The Confiance held her fire until within
a short distance of the Saratoga and then discharged a
broadside with terrific effect, killing and wounding nearly
forty men. The battle thereupon became general and was
waged with great fierceness all along the line. Macdonough
himself was twice knocked down, once by a falling spar and
again by being struck with the head of one of his men which
had been severed by a cannon ball and hurled against him
with great force. The Finch, being disabled by the Ticon-
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 79
dcroga early in the engagement, drifted down toward Crab
Island, where she was fired upon by a shore battery manned
by invalids and surrendered. The Eagle had her springs
shot away and drifted down to the west side of the line,
which enabled the Linnet to turn the American line at the
north. Nearly all the guns of the Saratoga and many on
the Con-fiance were rendered useless. In this situation the
forethought of Macdonough in setting springs enabled him
to swing his ship around and bring his fresh port battery
into action. The British commander tried the same ma-
ough's expedient turned the battle in his favor and at the
end of two hours and thirty minutes the British struck, and
Macdonough had enrolled his name among the greatest of
American naval heroes.
While the naval engagement was going on General Pre-
vost engaged the forces on shore, but learning of the dis-
aster to the British fleet, withdrew in disorder, leaving the
American forces in undisputed possession of the northern
border. Macdonough's victory was the beginning of the end
of the war and contributed much in securing favorable nego-
tiations for peace.
Much has been said about the manner in which the
American land forces, two thousand in number, repulsed the
British army, fourteen thousand in number, at Plattsburg.
But it must be remembered that the British expedition, as
well land as naval had for its object the seizure of Crown
Point and the opening of communication from the upper end
of the lake to the Hudson River. It therefore became nec-
essary that the British should gain the mastery of the lake
in order to make the expedition successful, either with re-
80 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
spcct to land or naval forces. While the American forces
on land were holding their position against the British dur-
ing the engagement on the water, it is hardly to be supposed
that the two thousand militia would have long endured
against the fourteen thousand British regulars, had the naval
engagement terminated in favor of the British. All honor
is, therefore, due to Macdonough in the engagement, for the
victory upon land as well as water. Nor can too much be
said in praise of his plan of battle or its execution.
His victory was due to three distinguishing causes.
Pirst Cumberland H oo d * iif ° -->■<■•*- from iH r New York chore
toward the east and south, forming Plattsburg Bay. Across
this bay from Cumberland Head toward Crab Island Mac-
donough placed his fleet, knowing that the British would not
dare pass up the lake leaving him to harass their rear. He
thereby compelled the British to tack around Cumberland
Head and attack his fleet, bows on, thus exposing themselves
to a raking fire from Macdonough's broadsides. By so
doing Macdonough accomplished what rarely occurs in a sea
fight, namely, chose his own position and forced the enemy
to attack him to the enemy's greatest disadvantage. In
short he forced the enemy to attack him where he chose and
as he chose.
The second cause was his superior seamanship in the
manner in wheh he set his springs, as before described, and
the ability with which he afterward manoeuvered or winded
The third cause of victory lay in the superiority of his
marksmanship and the valor and persistence with which his
ships were fought. The ships of either side were not in-
ferior in size or armament to the majority of the deep sea
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 81
men-of-wars-men of the time. Macdonough's flag ship and
the British flagship, the Confiauce, were each somewhat
smaller than the Constitution, but they were larger than the
Peacock, Wasp, Hornet, Intrepid, Boxer, Enterprise, Bonne
Homme Richard and all other famous ships of the navy up
to that time, save the Constitution, the President and their
class. Both the Saratoga and the Ticonderoga were larger
than the flagships Niagara and -Lawrence of Perry's fleet, or
any of the other ships on either side of the Lake Erie battle.
Each of the fleets on Lake Champlain were somewhat larger
than either of the fleets on Lake Erie. Perry's gallant rnn -
duct in battle, the transfer of his flag from the Lawrence
to the Niagara after the former was disabled, his famous
dispatch to General Harrison, "We have met the enemy and
they are ours," have made his name famous. But Perry's
force exceeded the British in ships, men, tonnage and metal,
while the British force on Lake Champlain exceeded Mac-
donough's in the same particulars. In fact Macdonough alone
among all the American commanders is distinguished in
having commanded the only smaller fleet that ever defeated
a larger one.
This comparison with the battle of Lake Erie is not
made for the purpose of detracting anything from the glory
of that battle, for which all honor is due, but because the
battles of Lake Champlain and Lake Erie perhaps more
closely resemble each other than any others in American his-
tory. Great as was the battle of Lake Erie, the battle of
Lake Champlain was greater. Nor does history furnish
many examples of greater severity, for the American loss
numbered 104 killed and 116 wounded, and the British 168
killed and 220 wounded, Captain Downie of the British fleet
82 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
being among the killed. When the battle ceased hardly a
mast was standing in either fleet and an old sailor who had
been with Nelson at Trafalgar declared that that was ''but a
flea bite to this/'
Mr. Roosevelt in his Naval War of 1812 says :
"Captain Perry's name is more widely known than that
of any other commander. Every school boy reads about
him, if of no other sea captain ; yet he certainly stands on a
lower grade than Macdonough." And again, "But it will
always be a source of surprise that the American public
should have so glorified Perry's victory over pn inferior
force, and have paid comparatively little attention to Mac-
donough's victory which was really won against decided
odds in ships, men and metal."
Macdonough was commissioned a master-commandant
on July 24, 181 3, and on November 30, 1814, he was ap-
pointed a captain in the navy, to rank from September 11,
1814. He was always spoken of as "Commodore" because
he commanded a fleet.
The Legislature of Vermont passed a resolution of
thanks for his "unrivalled bravery and important service in
the conquest of a British squadron of a superior force on
the nth of September, 1814, which protected the soil of free-
men, gained the applause of millions, and merited universal
respect and admiration." Vermont also purchased and con-
veyed to him a tract of land lying on Cumberland Plead,
overlooking the scene of the battle. New York State by
letters patent granted him one thousand acres of land in the
town of Sterling, county of Cayuga. The State of Dela-
ware gave him an elegant sword and a service of plate.
while Congress caused a gold medal to be struck and pre-
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 83
sented to him, emblematic of the action between the two
On December 12, 1812, Macdonough married Lucy
Ann, daughter of Nathaniel Shaler, of Middletown, Conn.,
by whom he had nine children, and thereafter his home was
Several months following the victory of Lake Cham-
plain were spent by Macdonough in making disposition of
the ships and stores left on the lake, and it is not until
May 23, 181 5, that orders are found assigning him to other
duty. On this date he whs directed to proceed to Porte
mouth, New Hampshire, to take command of the navy
yard and have charge of the equipment of the Washington,
the latter duty to terminate upon the arrival of Commodore
Chauncey. In November, 1816, he was again ordered to
Lake Champlain to serve as one of a board of commis-
sioners to be formed at Plattsburgh, New York, to deter-
mine the proper sites for fortifications contemplated on
the lake. In April, 18 18, he was ordered from Portsmouth,
New Hampshire, to Boston to take command and have
charge of the preparation for sea of the U. S. S. frigate
Giierriere, which had been selected to convey to St.
Petersburg our new minister plenipotentiary to Russia,
Hon. G. W. Campbell. This command was evidently looked
upon as of considerable importance, for Commodore Mac-
donough was directed to "give every effect which shall add
to the dignity of the mission to one of the greatest powers
After Macdonough left Russia to join the Mediterran-
ean squadron the most unpleasant incident in his naval ser-
vice occurred. A marine named Robert Sloane assaulted
84 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
one of the officers with a bayonet, and under the law that
obtained then as now, the commander-in-chief of a fleet on
a foreign station was authorized to convene a court martial
for his trial, pursuant to which Commodore Stewart con-
vened a court, of which Macdonough was president, for
such trial on board the Guerrierc. When the evidence had
been submitted and the court had found the man guilty it
adjourned to meet at a tavern in the city of Naples. The
adjournment to that place was made for the purpose of mak-
ing and correcting the record on account of the illness of the
judge advocate of the eourt who was stooping" at the tavern.
The court met pursuant to such adjournment, and after cor-
recting the record and signing it, forwarded it to the com-
mander-in-chief, who, under the law, was the reviewing au-
thority. Commodore Stewart in reviewing the case decided
that the adjournment from the ship to the city of Naples,
in foreign territory, was out of the jurisdiction of the court
and that the proceedings were, therefore, null and void. He
discharged the accused marine and notified the court of his
decision. The court thereupon reconvened on board the
Guerrierc, and acting under the advice of the judge advo-
cate, prepared a document of considerable length in turn
reviewing the decision of Commodore Stewart. In their
review they passed such strictures upon Commodore Stew-
art's judgment as to constitute a breach of military disci-
pline. He reported it to Washington, recommending that the
members of the court be sent to the United States under
arrest to be further dealt with as the authorities at Wash-
ington deemed best. The Secretary of the Navy, by direc-
tion of the President, approved the recommendation of
Commodore Stewart, and Macdonough and the other mem-
COMMODORE MACDOXOUGH. 85
bers of the court were returned to the United States on
board the U. S. S. Brie. After reaching home Macdon-
ough took counsel with respect to the propriety of his acts,
and becoming convinced that he had been in error, so wrote
to the Secretary of the Navy, who replied that his course was
such as might be expected from an honorable and high-
minded man, and that under this view of the subject, the
President had authorized him to restore Macdonough to the
command of the Gucrriere, and ih(t incident was closed.
While this incident will always be regretted, the gravity
of it was no more serious than a misunderstanding nf his
rights with respect to the law; but the dignity and reserve
with which he bore himself throughout the whole unfortun-
ate affair, together with the magnanimity with which he ac-
knowledged the error when discovered, must always accen-
tuate rather than detract from the greatness of the man.
On March n, 1820, Macdonough was ordered to the
New York navy yard to have charge of the frigate "74,"
and subsequently was in command of the Washington at
that yard and also of the Ohio, neither of which were at sea.
He spent a portion of his time with his family at Middle-
town, Connecticut, until March 22, 1824, when upon his own
application he was given command of the Constitution and
sailed for the Mediterranean from New York, October 29,
Commodore Macdonough's health declined during his
cruise in the Mediterranean and he was relieved of the com-
mand of the Constitution on October 14th, 1825. Accom-
panied by his physician he started for the United States in
the brig Edwin, but died at sea November 10, 1825. The re-
mains were landed at Philadelphia November 25th, and taken
86 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
to New York, where the funeral was one of the events of the
time. The city passed resolutions of respect and citizens
generally participated in the honors. The remains were
brought from the navy yard on a barge under a canopy of
the American flag, escorted by eight boats filled with officers
and marines and were taken to the city hall. The funeral
service was read at St. Paul's Church by Chaplain Cave
Jones. The bearers were officers of the navy. Flags in the
city and harbor were at half mast during the day, bells were
tolled and minute guns fired. After the service the remains
were escorted to the steamboat Commerce, on which they
were conveyed to Middletown, Connecticut, for burial. The
procession included a detachment of horse artillery, a battal-
ion of infantry, a detachment of U. S. marines, officers of
the army and navy, the mayor and members of the city
government, the Society of Cincinnati, of which the deceased
was an honorary member, senators and members of the U.
S. House of Representatives, judges of the courts of the
United States and New York State, senators and members
of the State Assembly, ministers and consuls and officers
holding commissions from foreign courts and officials and
citizens of New York.
On the arrival of the remains at Middletown they were
taken to his late home. The funeral was then held from the
Presbyterian Church, attended by judges of the Supreme
Court, the military, the officers of the army and navy, the
Masons and a large body of citizens. The cadets of the
Military Academy conducted by Captain Alden Partridge,
former surveyor general of Vermont, acted as a military es-
cort for the remains and fired three volleys over the grave.
Minute guns were also fired from the academy grounds at
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. 87
the time of the funeral and flag^s in the citv and harbor were
floated at half mast.
The family monument is of plain white marble and
bears this epitaph :
"Sacred to the memory of Com. Thomas Macdon-
ough of the U. S. Navy. He was born in the State of Dela-
ware. December, 1783, & died at sea of pulmonary consump-
tion, while on his return from the command of the Ameri-
can squadron in the Mediterranean, on the 10th November,
1825. He was distinguished in the world as the hero of
Lake Charnpiain, in the Cnurcn ot Christ as a taithtul, zeal-
ous, consistent Christian, in the community where he resided
when absent from professional duty as an amiable, upright
and valuable citizen."
And so at a little less than forty-two years of age, a
brilliant career was closed.
Macdonough was a tall, spare, dignified man. His
complexion, eyes and hair were light. His face was full and
regular. His countenance frank, open, refined and intel-
lectual. His mouth and chin were not large, but indicated
decision of character. His nose may be described as tend-
ing toward the Roman type, his eyes bright and penetrating,
but kindly, his forehead high, his hair abundant. He may
well have been called a handsome man.
Until broken by disease he was straight, vigorous and
athletic. He was of a slightly nervous temperament, but
had schooled himself to a rigorous self-control. In youth
he is said to have been sufficiently fond of pranks, but early
care and responsibility subdued his spirit, and while yet
young he leaned rather toward seriousness. He was an all-
around sailor of the old man-of-wars-man type, when self
88 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
reliance and resourcefulness in the hour of trial gained the
victory. He was quick to discern the critical moment and
act with decision.
Men are sometimes deemed brilliant because their
opinions are quickly formed, but conjecture is not to be con-
founded with logical reasoning, nor impressions with delib-
erate judgment. The correctness of the conclusion is the
test of the mental operation, and in this Macdonough was
unerring. He commanded rather by his example and the
force of his character than by virtue of his rank.
In the battle which made his name famous he nreci tne
first gun with his own hand and was twice knocked senseless
on the deck, and when the report ran through the ship that
the Commodore was dead, the crew paused dismayed in the
midst of the battle. No higher testimonial of his bravery can
be written than that in the most thrilling events of his time
he walked side by side with the gallant Decatur. Although
the ravages of disease had wasted his body to sixty pounds,
by his fortitude he retained command of the Constitution to
within twenty-seven days of his death.
The war of 1812 was fought by the American sailor for
the maintenance of free ships and sailors' rights. The coun-
try's cause was the sailors' cause. It was a struggle to re-
dress wrongs which had been seared upon the memory.
Through it all Macdonough remained calm and self-pos-
sessed, spoke no hasty word, did no unwise act. Upright
and independent himself, he abhorred oppression ; loyal to
his country and fearless in battle, he was charitable to the
vanquished and pitied the suffering.
While Captain Pring of the British sloop Linnet was a
prisoner he testified: "I have much satisfaction in making
COMMODORE MACDONOUGH. S^'^O
you acquainted with the humane treatment the wounded have
received from Commodore Macdonough. His generous and
polite attention to myself, the officers and men, will ever be
Macdonough was loved by his officers and men, popu-
lar with those who knew him, respected by all. He enjoyed
society and was free and courteous with his friends.
To his brother's widow left in narrow circumstances he
tendered pecuniary aid., saying that his religion made him
the widow's friend.
His character was devout and religious. He spoke of
his escape from the fate of his companions on the Phila-
delphia as ''providential." On the morning of the great bat-
tle he prayed with his men as he saw the enemy approaching
and remarked that, "they are superior to us in force, but,
by the blessing of God, we can beat them." When asked
how he escaped when so many around him fell, he replied,
pointing to heaven : "There is a power above which deter-
mines the fate of men." In reporting the battle to the Navy
Department he declared that, "The Almighty has been
pleased to grant us a signal victory."
He added distinction to his service, glory to his coun-
try., lustre to his flag and nobility to mankind.
Soldiers of the Revolutionary War
Buried m Vermont
And Anecdotes and Incidents
Relating to Some of Them.
A paper read before the Vermont Historical Society in the
Hall of the House of Representatives, October 27,1904,
By Walter H. Crockett.
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION BURIED IN
VERMONT, AND ANECDOTES AND INCI-
DENTS RELATING TO SOME OF THEM.
By Walter H. Crockett.
In accordance with a resolution adopted at the last an-
nual meeting of the Vermont Society. Sons of the American
Revolution, held at St. Albans. Nov. n, 1903, which author-
ized an attempt to ascertain as nearly as might be possible,
the number of Revolutionary soldiers buried in this State,
a request for information was made by the Secretary
throngh the Vermont newspapers. Several hundred replies
were received, not only from all parts of this State, but
from nearly every section of the United States. Other
names have been secured from Vermont gazetteers and his-
Members of the Society of the Daughters of the Am-
erican Revolution have taken a keen interest in this work,
and from their replies and from the year books of their so-
ciety many names have been secured. The largest number of
names, however, has been found in a very rare copy of a
list of Vermont Revolutionary pensioners, published many
years ago, and secured by Senator Redfield Proctor.
In all, 4,608 names have been compiled. Entire accu-
racy cannot safely be claimed for a list gathered from such
miscellaneous sources, with little opportunity for verifica-
tion. Some names may be credited to the wrong town.
The names of others who afterward removed from the
94 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY. "
State may appear in the list. Care has been taken to make
the compilation as accurate as possible, and in the main it
will be found correct.
The pension list referred to is given by counties only,
not by towns, and at the time of its compilation Lamoille
County had not been organized.
Three divisions are given : First, a list of invalid pen-
sioners ; second, pensioners under the act of March 18,
1818; and third, pensioners under the act of June 7, 1832.
A letter from the commissioner of pensions, the Hon.
Eugene E. Ware, states that all the beneficiaries under the
acts referred to were Revolutionary soldiers. The State in
whose service each soldier enlisted is given, but not the
The names of 3,196 soldiers are given as pensioners.
Windsor County leads with 546, while Rutland County is
second with 479. Out of the 3,196 pensioners mentioned,
only 172, or a little more than 5 percent., served in the
Vermont militia. Nearly one-half — 1,409, to be explicit —
served in Massachusetts regiments ; Connecticut contributed
701 ; New Hampshire, 444; Rhode Island, 104; New York,
75, and there were a few from other states, besides a num-
ber of naval veterans. These figures give an idea of the
emigration into Vermont during the years immediately fol-
lowing the close of the Revolution.
There are, in the list compiled, the names of 2,221
soldiers who are accredited to the towns in which they
lived and were buried. This number includes 809 names
duplicated in the pension list. Deducting 809 names from
the total pension list, there are left 2,387 names accredited
only to counties, or a total of 4,608 soldiers of the Revolu-
tion who lived and died in Vermont.
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 95
Of the 246 towns and cities in the State, 192 are repre-
sented in the list. If the pension list given by counties
could be given by towns, it is probable that nearly every
town in the State would be found to contain the graves of
Such a list, compiled nearly a century and a quarter
after the close of the War for Independence, cannot pos-
sibly be complete. Some towns that naturally would be
expected to furnish long lists send only a few nam,es. If
it is possible at this time to gather between 4,000 and 5,000
namcc, it 13 probable that nearly ii not quite 6,ooo a^uxcis
of the Revolution found their last resting places within the
borders of Vermont.
Manchester leads in the number of soldiers, reporting
241 names. Pawlet reports 71 ; Wilmington, 69; Barnard,
62 ; Dumrrterston, 49 ; Rutland, 49 ; Danby, 43 ; Newbury,
42 ; Pittsford, 41 ; Brattleboro, 38 ; Poultney, 34 ; Benning-
ton, 31; Benson, 30; Fairfax, 29; Strafford, 30; Cornwall,
29; Randolph, 27 ; Reading, 26; Middletown Springs, 26;
Middlebury, 25; Calais, 24; St. Albans, 23; New Haven,
23 ; Shoreham, 24 ; Salisbury, 22 ; Westminster, 41 ; Orwell,
21; Putney, 21; Clarendon, 21; Williamstown, 20; Barre,
In prosecuting this investigation three real sons of the
Revolution have been found in Vermont. Jonathan Bab-
cock, of Stratton, aged 94 years, is the son of Robert Bab-
cock, of Wardsboro, who died Aug. 23, 1863, at tne great
age of 104 years and 6 months. Robert Babcock was one
of forty picked men who aided Lieut. Col. William Barton,
of the Rhode Island militia (later the founder of Barton,
Vt.) to capture Sir William Prescott, the British com-
96 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
mander in Rhode Island. James C. Church, of Brookline,
85 years old, is the youngest of twenty children born to
Charles Church, of Westminster, who enlisted as a soldier
in the Revolutionary War when only 16 years old. Dr.
C. A. Perry, of Readsboro, aged 66 years, must be one of
the youngest real sons of the Revolution in the United
States. His father, Micah Perry, of Concord, enlisted when
16 years old.
Anecdotes and Incidents.
A few of the anecdotes related in the letters received
by the Secretary may be of interest.
William Cox, of West Fairlee, Adam Beals, of St. Al-
bans, and Lieut. John. Wyman, of Dummerston, were pres-
ent at, and had a part in, the famous "Boston Tea Party/'
Dec. 16, 1773.
Capt. Thomas White, of Windsor, Thomas Town send,
of Reading, Thomas Farnsworth, of Halifax, Peletiah Bliss,
of Newbury, Thomas Savery, of Salisbury, Jonas Holden,
of Mount Holly, Seth Oaks and Nathaniel Oaks, of Athens,
Seth Ruggles, of Poultney, Capt. John Shumway, of Dor-
set, Lieut. Jonathan Farrar, of Rupert, and Ebenezer Allen,
of Newfane, were among those who responded to the Lex-
ington alarm. The Ebenezer Allen mentioned was not the
Col. Ebenezer Allen prominent in the expeditions of the
Stephen De Maranville, of Poultney, the youngest son
of a noble Frenchman, served as minute man. Jonathan
Farrar, of Rupert, was a lieutenant of minute men at the
time of the Lexington alarm. Thomas Mullen, of New-
bury, responded to the Lexington alarm and saw service at
Bunker Hill. Joseph Rann, of Poultney, was severely
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 97
wounded at Bunker Hill, and to the day of his death car-
ried a ball in his ankle received in that battle. Capt. Isaac
Holden, of St. Albans, participated in the battles of Lexing-
ton and Bunker Hill and had previously served in the
French and Indian War.
Carlos Hawkins, of Reading, Capt. Daniel Manning,
of Poultney, William Doe, Nehemiah Lovewell, and Peter
Martin, of Newbury, Abraham Townsend, of Berlin, Jona-
than Childs, of Wilmington, Seth Oaks, of Athens, and
Lieut. Beriah Sherman, of Waitsfield, fought in the battle
of Bunker Hill Jon?^ TTolrlon. nf Mount Hollv. was
wounded at Bunker Hill. Abial Bugbee, of Pomfret,
served in Col. Israel Putnam's regiment at Bunker Hill.
It is related of William A. Hawkins, of Reading, that
at the battle of Bunker Hill he fired his gun until it was
too hot to handle. He removed his coat, wrapped it around
the gun, and continued firing. Pie was promoted to be an
ensign for gallant conduct in that battle.
Ebenezer Wakefield, of Manchester, was at Bunker
Hill and at the surrender of Burgoyne. Luther Fairbanks,
of Pittsfield, was at Bunker Hill and at the siege of Que-
bec. Capt. Elias Greene, of Cambridge, was at Bunker
Hill, at the surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga, and at the
surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.
Col. Ephraim Doolittle, of Shoreham, who was with
Lord Amherst at the capture of Ticonderoga and Crown
Point during the French and Indian War, commanded a
regiment of minute men April 19-23, 1775.
Maj. Amos Morrill, of St. Albans, is said to have been
at the taking of Ticonderoga and at the battle of Bunker
Hill. Other names of men said to have been with Ethan
Allen at the capture of Ticonderoga, and not given in the
98 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
list published in/ the Burlington Free Press early in the pres-
ent year by Robert O. Bascom, secretary of the New York
State Historical Association, are : John Alexander, of Brat-
tleboro, Ebenezer Andrews, of Mount Holly, Gershom
Beach, of Salisbury, Enos Flanders, of Sheffield, Thomas
Johnson, of Newbury, Noah Jones, of Shoreham, and Sam-
uel Laughton, of Dummerston.
Enoch Cheney, of Washington, and James Eddy, of
Clarendon, served as scouts. Ebenezer Mcllvane suffered
the hardships of the terrible winter at Valley Forge. Felix
T^prif prj o-f r\~»t~r» i.i r^JI winiP'rpA of \Tr>]]&\r T?rvrcrp> anrl was nn
duty as a picket when Major Andre was executed as a spy.
Hananiah Brooks, of St. Albans, was also at Valley
Forge, and later saw Major Andre hanged. Simeon Chand-
ler, of Wilmington, participated in the siege of Boston.
Jonathan Knight, of Dummerston, was in the fight at
the Westminster court house, March 13, 1775. Capt. Ben-
jamin Samson, of Roxbury, rang the church bell at Lex-
ington, Mass., April 19, 1775, to arouse the minute men
on the approach of the British troops.
John Chipman, of Middlebury, was with Ethan Allen
during the spring of 1775, went to Canada with Seth War-
ner, and was at the capture of St. Johns and Montreal.
Stephen Holley, of Cornwall, was with Benedict Ar-
nold on his terrible journey through Maine and Canada to
Quebec. Nathaniel Stedman, of Newfane, and Samuel
Viall, of Manchester, were at Burgoyne's surrender.
David Green, of Randolph, served three years under
General Washington, part of the time as his cook.
Joseph Allen, of Charlotte, was present at the capture
of St. Johns and Montreal, and was with Benedict Arnold
in his siege of Ouebec.
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY AVAR. 99
Ebenezer Robinson, of Reading, was a captive on board
the prison ship "Jersey" in New York harbor.
David Field, of Guilford, was commissary general
under Gen. John Stark at the battle of Bennington.
Thomas Johnson, of Newbury, was an aide on the staff
of General Lincoln in 1777.
Nathan Jackson, of Cornwall, was a trusted messenger
of General Washington. •
Benoni Gleason, of Benson, was present at the surren-
der of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown.
Jonathan Martin, of Sorino-field. previous to removing
to Vermont, was a member of the first constitutional conven-
tion and of the first legislature of New Hampshire.
Solomon Bartlett, of Plainfield, was the youngest
brother of Josiah Bartlett of New Hampshire, after John
Hancock the first signer of the Declaration of Independ-
ence, and was at one time an aide on the staff of General
Capt. John Warner and Truman Warner, of St. Al-
bans, were brothers of Col. Seth Warner.
Col. Thomas Elmore obtained a charter for and gave
his name to the town of Elmore.
Abel Amsden, of Reading, enlisted in Col. William
Prescott's regiment, May 20. 1775. He participated in the
siege of Boston, and fought in some of the most important
battles of the war. It is related that he paid $70 in Con-
tinental currency for a dinner of corn bread and milk at a
tavern, and that the landlord did not consider that sum a fair
price for the meal.
Col. Samuel Brewer, of Orwell, was a lieutenant in a
company of minute men raised in Berkshire County, Mas-
100 THE VEBMOXT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
sachusetts, and took part in the siege of Boston. In 1776
he was sent to Ticoncleroga in command of a regiment. In
the Brewer genealogy,, compiled by Prof. Fiske Parsons
Brewer, a brother of Mr. Justice Brewer of the United
States Supreme Court, it is said that Col. Brewer was "con-
sidered by Washington one of the biggest sensed men he
ever knew." Colonel Brewer moved to, Vermont and built
a brick mansion a mile and half southwest of Orwell vil-
lage, which is still in an excellent state of preservation.
Nathaniel Bosworth, of Berlin, while serving in the
Ponfinpntnl prmv wss fnken nrknner hv the British and
confined on a prison ship at the mouth of the Delaware
river. Conceiving the idea that they were being slowly
poisoned, Bosworth and several of his fellow-prisoners
planned to escape. Taking advantage of a time when the
guards were sleeping, they slid down the ship's cable and
swam ashore, although the water was very cold, the month
being March. Proceeding a distance, Bosworth concealed
himself in a large cask and fell asleep. He was awakened
by the singing of a bird. A patriotic American woman
gave him food and directions which enabled him to reach
the American lines in safety.
Toward the end of the war, Thomas M. Wright, who
had seen service as a private in the Massachusetts militia,
emigrated to Vermont and settled in Barnard, when that
town was largely an unbroken wilderness. He built a
log house and made a clearing. . It was necessary to
carry his grain on his back to Windsor, twenty-six miles,
to get it ground, finding his way by marked trees and mak-
ing the journey in a day. Aug. 9, 1780, Mr. Wright,
while working in the hay field, heard a scream, and looking
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 101
up saw his wife pursued by 25 Indians. The house was
stripped of its furnishings and Mr. Wright was taken as a
prisoner to Canada, where he was sold to the British for
eight dollars. With four companions Wright made his es-
cape. The party was nine days in coming through the for-
ests. The men had no food except the game they shot, and
were nearly starved. One of the party was taken ill and his
companions stayed with him as long as they dared. To
remain longer meant that all would perish, so a bed of
boughs was made by a running stream, a store of slippery
dm baik and iuuta wds gathered, and the man left to ms
fate. Strangely enough he recovered, and in eighteen days
came out of the forest. Mrs. Wright had gone on horse-
back to her father's home in Hardwick, and there her hus-
band found her.
Dr. Silas Hodges, of Clarendon, was a surgeon in
Washington's army. Another Clarendon soldier was Theo-
philus Harrington, later a judge, whose demand of a bill
of sale from the Almighty for a fugitive slave has made
his name immortal.
Stephen Hall, of Calais, enlisted in the American army
at the age of 13, and Asa Wilson, of Fairfield, at the age
of 14. Samuel White, of East Montpelier, enlisted before
he had reached his 14th birthday. Not being considered
old enough to carry a musket, he was detailed as a servant
for General Washington.
Joshua Johnson, of Albany, when a boy, ran away from
home to enlist. Being refused, he shipped as a midship-
man in the West India trade and later entered the army,
serving until the close of the war. It is related that in later
years he defeated Ira Allen as a candidate for the Vermont
Legislature from Irasburgh.
102 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
William Hodgkins, of Grand Isle, was not tall enough
to meet the requirements of the service when he enlisted.
Later he presented himself again, having filled his shoes
with paper, evidently believing that by taking thought he
might add a cubit to his stature, notwithstanding Scrip-
tural authority to the contrary. The deception was dis-
covered and the case brought to the attention of the com-
manding officer, Baron Steuben, who laughingly said, "Pass
him in. We will make a drummer of him."
One of the surprising facts brought out by this inves-
tigation is the great age attained by many Revolutionary
soldiers in this State, a large number having lived to be well
past 90 years.
Samuel McWaine, of Woodstock, who had seen ser-
vice in the French and Indian War, and who served seven
years during the Revolution, lived to be 99 years and 9
John Ellis, of Barnard rounded out a full century.
Nathan Lounsbury, of Clarendon,- lived to be 102 years old.
Daniel Heald, of Chester, who had taken part in the battle
of Concord, lived to be 95 years old, while John Joyal, of
Swanton, according to the best information obtainable, lived
to the almost unprecedented age of 113 years.
One colored man, John Linde, of Brookfield, was a
It may not be out of place in this paper, which, from
its nature cannot be expected to be a closely connected nar-
rative, to refer briefly to a soldier who played an import-
ant part in the Revoluton, who afterward emigrated to Ver-
mont, where he attained considerable prominence, but who
has been well nigh forgotten, Col. Udny Hay.
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 103
The public papers of George Clinton, the first governor
of New York, which cover the period of the Revolutionary
War, contain a great amount of correspondence with Col.
Hay, regarding supplies of various kinds and the trans-
portation of the same. In 1779 ne was deputy quartermas-
ter general for the army in New York State. His task was
evidently one of great difficulty, as the collection and dis-
tribution of the needed supplies was attended by irritating
indifference and aggravating delays. One item in his re-
port tells of the purchase of 40,000 bushels of charcoal for
the smith's department. When Q^^er ! "^TosVnno-rnn or-
dered the Hudson river craft repaired it was Col. Hay who
procured the luinber. General Lincoln wrote Hay asking
his advice regarding the building of gunboats. He also
wrote Generals Greene and Heath regarding the purchase
of wheat. Apparently he had charge at times of certain
prisoners and their effects.
In June, 1780, Colonel Hay was appointed agent for
New York to supply the State's quota of provisions for the
use of the army, and he writes: "Much of the business of
transportation in this State may probably come under my
direction during the campaign." Again he writes Governor
Clinton : "The army look up to me for the transportation
of supplies of every sort," and later the governor refers to
the multiplicity of affairs which engage Hay's attention.
He aids in reinforcing West Point, forwards supplies to
Washington's army, and obtains from the New York Leg-
islature the passage of certain acts to aid him in collecting
supplies. Appointed deputy commissary general of pur-
chases for New York, he recommends the establishment of
a magazine of 40,000 barrels of flour for the army.
104 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Sept. 18, 1780, he writes Governor Clinton: "I have
been with the Gentlemen of the New Hampshire Grants at
Bennington who have desired me to meet them again next
Friday at the same place where they are to call a council
for the purpose of giving me every assistance in their
power, which I now apprehend will be but little, not from
want of inclination, but want of ability to putt any of their
acts in execution,."
According to a statement in "Governor and Coun-
cil," Colonel Hay had visited Bennington on a similar er-
rand cciilv in X//C. This authority further states that CnL
Hay was descended from an eminent family in Scotland,
and was highly educated. January 9, 1777, the Continental
Congress resolved that Udny Hay, Esq., be appointed a lieu-
tenant colonel by brevet and assistant deputy quartermaster
general, and stationed at Ticonderoga. Later he was made
deputy commissary general of purchase for the northern
division of the army. Soon after the close of the war he
came to Underhill, where he acquired large tracts of land.
He represented the town in the legislature from 1798 to
1804 an d at the time of his death was a member of the
Council of Censors. He is said to have been opposed to
the Constitution and to the administrations of Washington
An obituary notice in the Burlington Sentinel tells of
Colonel Hay's death Sept. 6, 1806, in his 67th year. A note
in "Governor and Council" states that he lived and died in
Underhill, but the Sentinel declares that his death "took
place in this town [Burlington] * * * after a very short ill-
ness * * * The next day [Sept. 7th] his remains were con-
veyed to the meeting house, where an appropriate discourse
SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR. 105
was delivered by the Rev. President Sanders and attended
to the grave by a numerous and respectable procession of
his friends from this and the neighboring towns with un-
common manifestations of regard for his character and sor-
row at his death."
The obituary notice further says : "Col. Hay came to
America without education, without property or friends.
During our Revolutionary war he soon and long distin-
guished himself in the department where he was stationed
as an active, enterprising and able officer. And since the
f>ctaK!ic]nm<=>T-if r->£ c ,ir ' Stci f " his influence in cu r ^ublic coun-
cils for a considerable number of years has been predom-
inant beyond a parallel." It will be noticed that there are
discrepancies between the two accounts of Colonel Hay's
career, as given in the Sentinel and in ''Governor and
Council." It appears from a further item in the Sentinel
that Colonel Hay's estate was insolvent.
If Colonel Hay's grave can be found it should be
marked in some suitable way. It would appear from the
Sentinel account that he was buried in Burlington, but the
list of Revolutionary soldiers kept by the Burlington Grand
Army Post does not contain Colonel Hay's name.
One of the principal objects in the attempt to compile a
list of Vermont's Revolutionary soldiers, is the hope that
as many as possible of the graves of these heroes may be
marked and their memories saved from oblivion.
The government will furnish headstones for such
graves and ship them' to the nearest railway station, but
will not set them. Here is a work, not only for the patriotic
societies, but for public-spirited citizens in all towns and
-cities where Revolutionary soldiers are buried, — the work
106 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
of taking the proper steps to secure such headstones and
then setting them after they are obtained. These soldiers
of the Revolution were the builders of our State and of our
Nation. The very least we can do in return for their sac-
rifices is to see to it that their names are not forgotten.
Any work that is to be done along this line must be done
speedily. No great outlay of time or money is required —
only that patriotic public spirit that gives promise of a noble
future because of its jealous care in preserving the memory
of the great deeds of the past.
[For the lists of Revolutionary Soldiers buried in Vermont and ot Vermont
Revolutionary Pensioners, compiled by Mr. Crockett, see Appendix F.]
LIST OF NEW MEMBERS OF THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY,
ELECTED OCTOBER 20, 1903.
O. D. Matthewson, '
Henry Crain Tinkham,
Frank Richardson Wells,
George Lawrence Blanchard,
John Vail Brooks,
Arthur Daggett Farwell,
Edward Davenport Field,
Jonas Eli Goodenough,
Frank Keeler Goss,
Harlan Wesley Kemp,
Charles Duane Mather,
William A. Beebe,
Frank C. Partridge,
Albert B. Chandler,
Charles H. Morrill,
Bert Emery Merriam,
John Abner Mead,
Edward Mortimer Roscoc,
Horatio Loomis Wait,
Robert O. Bascom,
Robert H. Hutchins,
Myron Melvin Parker,
Residence. Recommended by
Fort Edward, N. Y.
New York City, N. Y.
New York City, N.
Washington, D. C.
W. E. Ranger.
G. G. Benedict.
W. E. Ranger.
T. S. Peck.
T. S. Peck.
T. S. Peck.
F. A. Howland.
J. A. De Boer.
F. A. Howland.
F. A. Howland.
F. A. Howianci.
F. A. Howland.
J. A. De Boer.
J. A. De Boer.
J. A. De Boer.
F. A. Howland.
F. A. Howland.
W. E. Ranger.
Henry F. Field.
F. A. Howland.
T. S. Peck.
W. E. Ranger.
W. E. Ranger.
Henry F. Field.
W. E. Ranger.
T. S. Peck.
G. G. Benedict.
E. M. Goddard.
Y. T. S. Peck.
T. S. Peck.
Report of the Treasurer.
Henry F. Field, Treasurer, in account with Vermont His-
1903 Dr. Cr.
Oct. 19, To balance forward from last report $333 49
Jan. 4, To Cash for sale Vols. I and II Society's
Collections to J. H. Benton, Jr 5 00
Oct. '03 to Oct. '04, To Cash received for mem-
bership dues, elections of 1902-3 56 00
108 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
To Cash for candidates for membership
1904 22 00
To Cash for annual dues 1903 and '04
and prepayments 101 00
To Interest on deposit Montpelier Sav-
ings Bank and Trust Co 8 88
Oct. 24, By paid Free Press Asso. bill sundry
printing §11 17
Jan. 5, By paid Free Press Asso. bill, report
of Com. on change of Constitution.... 14 00
Men. 25, By paid The Tuttle Co., 5 books re-
ceipts for treasurer 2 75
April 16, By paid Edw. M. Goddard, bill time
and labor cleaning and moving books,
pamphlets etc., and preparing maga-
zines for binder 45 00
April 1G, By paid E. Lee Whitney assistance to
librarian , 18 00
Sept. 30, By paid The Tuttle Co., 250 circulars
for treasurer's use 1 75
Oct. 24, By Balance in treasurer's hands 433 70
$526 37 $526 37
EEPOBT OF SPECIAL COMMITTEE OX AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITU-
TION AND BY-LAWS OF THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Montpelier, Vermont, October 20, 1903.
Hon. Geo. G. Benedict, President
Vermont Historical Society.
The undersigned, Committee on Amendments to the Con-
stitution and By-Laws, appointed at the last regular annual
meeting, as per motion on page 19, Published Proceedings of
1901-2, respectfully report that they have duly considered the
matter committed to their charge and submit and recommend
the following changes and amendments:
Substitute the word "Active" for "Resident," so as to make
the article read as follows:
"Article 1. This association shall be called 'The Vermont
Historical Society' and shall consist of Active, Corresponding
and Honorary Members.'"
(The committee advise this change because (a) many resi-
dent members have moved from the state who should remain
and would like to remain active; and (b) many new members
have been elected, as a practice, who reside out of the state at
the time of such election; and (c) the distinction is best re-
moved in a practical classification of the Society's membership
at the present time.)
Substitute the following in place of this article:
"Article II. The object of the Society shall be to discover,
collect and preserve whatever relates to the material, agricul-
tural, industrial, civil, political, literary, ecclesiastical and mili-
tary history of the State of Vermont.''
(If the above is adopted, it will eliminate the departments
of Natural History and Horticulture, neither of which depart-
ments h<? a ever been ro r '^ i " ri '! irmc ^' u ' r,T * offset iv^iv conducted and
"both of which have for many years been substantially obsolete.
In the judgment of your Committee, it would be found difficult
for the society to do useful work in either, even if they could
be resurrected, while at the same time it may be noted that other
organizations throughout the state, and especially in the work
of the State University, have naturally and effectively assumed
this work in the course of the sixty-five years next following
the organization of the Society.)
Amend this article so as to make it read as follows:
"Article III. The officers of the Society, who shall also con-
stitute its Board of Managers, to be elected annually and by bal-
lot, shall be a President, three Vice-Presidents, a Recording
Secretary, two Corresponding Secretaries of foreign and domestic
correspondence, a Librarian and Cabinet-keeper, a Treasurer and
■ a Curator from each county in this stated
(The preceding makes no change in this article except to
provide a definition in the Constitution itself of who compose
the Board of Managers, which was not there before, and it
also advises the use of a Curator from each of our fourteen
counties, instead of "seven Curators from different counties in
the State." This change, we think, will conserve the purposes of
the Society by distributing and maintaining an interested super-
vision in all sections of the state.)
Amend this article by striking out the words "with whom
it shall be optional," so as to make it read as follows:
"Article V. All members, Honorary and Corresponding
Members excepted, shall pay, on admission, the sum of two dol-
lars, and an additional sum of one dollar annually."
110 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
(Your Committee believes that Honorary Members should
not even have the suggestion made to them of entrance fees or
annual dues and that the same may be properly omitted, also, in
the case of Corresponding Members, whom it is impossible to
solicit and who usually have not affirmatively exercised their
option in past years. The change seems further warranted if the
distinction as to Resident and Corresponding Members be discon-
tinued, according to the amendment, as recommended, in Article
I of the Constitution, above.)
CHAPTER I, SECTION 2.
The Committee advise the elimination of this article. It
will have no force and will be quite unnecessary if Article I and
Article v or tne uonsiiiutiuu be amended as above advic;d.
CHAPTER I, SECTION 4.
Number this section 3 and substitute the word ''Active" for
the word "Resident" before the word "Member." This merely
follows change of Article I of the Constitution as advised.
CHAPTER I, SECTION 5.
Number this section 4 and insert the words "time of the"
before the word "annual," so as to make it read:
"4. The yearly assessment is payable at the time of the
annual meeting in October."
(This change is necessary, because (a) all members do not
attend the annual meeting: (b) the Treasurer does not always
find it convenient to attend; (c) the Treasurer may reside else-
where, as now, than in Montpelier; and (d) there is no reason
why dues should not be paid by check, draft, money order or
in cash at the office of the Treasurer.)
CHAPTER II, SECTIONS 2 and 3.
Strike out both these sections, as being non-applicable if
the amendment advised of Article II, Constitution, be adopted,
discontinuing the departments of Natural History and Horti-
CHAPTER II, SECTION 5.
Insert the words, as a part of the first sentence, "com-
mitted to their charge." Also strike out the concluding words,
"which has been sustained since the previous meeting." The
section will thus read:
"Sec. 3. The Corresponding Secretaries shall conduct all the
correspondence of the Society committed to their charge. They
shall preserve on file the originals of all communications ad-
dressed to the Society and keep a fair copy of all their letters in
books furnished for that purpose. They shall read, at each
meeting, the correspondence or such absti'acts from it as the
President may direct."''
CHAPTER II, SECTION 7.
Strike out the words "specimens of natural history" and
insert the word "articles" before the words "and papers." Also
insert after the words "from the room" a comma and the words
"except under such written regulations as may he supplied to
the Librarian by the Board of Managers." These changes fol-
low the omission of the department of Natural History and the
striking out of Section 2, Chapter III of the By-Laws as herein-
CHAPTER III, SECTION 2.
Strike out this section as being fully covered by the amend-
ed reading for Section 7, Chapter II, By-Laws, above, relating
to the duties and responsibilties of the Librarian.
CHAPTER III, SECTION G.
Strike out the concluding words of this section, to wit: "and
such natural products as may illustrate the natural history of
this state." This simply follows from the other changes desig-
nated in the course of this report.
CHAPTER III, SECTION 7.
Strike out this section and substitute the following:
"Sec. 7. There shall be a Public Meeting of the Society in
the year in which the Legislature sits. Such meeting shall be
under the charge and supervision of the President, who shall
make, on such occasion the President's Address and shall also
invite (with sucli counsel as he may require from the Board of
Managers) to address the Society at such meeting, one or more
speakers, on subjects relating to the history of this state."
(The preceding will conform to the practice which has been
so admirably introduced by our distinguished President and
seems much more practicable, as a standing order, than the pres-
ent obsolete section of the By-Laws.)
We discover and recommend no changes, amendments or addi-
tions, in either Constitution or By-Laws, other than the pre-
ceding. In all cases the language of the old has been retained
with but slight modification. We request consideration of these
suggestions at the present meeting of the Society, in order
that notice of any amendments may be duly given, as required
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
by Article VII of the Constitution, and to insure action thereon
at the -annual meeting in 1904. It is our best judgment that the
adoption of these amendments will prove of service to the Soci-
ety, considering our changed conditions and circumstances, as
compared with those existing in 1S3S. At the same time,
we submit this report with full acceptance of the words used
by the Board of. Managers in 1902: "We do not fail to recog-
nize the wise, honorable and patriotic purposes of the Society's
founders in all the provisions of the Constitution and By-Laws
as they exist to-day," and we record to their memory our rever-
ence and affection for their unselfish labors in the honor of their
Yours very respectfully,
Joseph A. De Boer,
Fred A. Rowland,
LIST OF NEW MEMBERS OF THE VERMONT HISTORICAL
SOCIETY ELECTED OCTOBER 27, 1904.
Fletcher D. Proctor,
John L. Southwick,
Nelson Wilbur Fisk,
John H. Merrifield,
Edward Harrington Deav
Edward Park Coleman,
Henry Otis Carpenter,
Walter A. Dutton,
Leighton P. Slack,
Edward Aaron Davis,
George H. Prouty,
Thos. Chas. Cheney,
Dan Deming Burditt,
John L. Bacon,
Horace French Graham,
C. J. Bell,
Clarke C. Fitts,
Herbert H. Blanchard,
Allen M. Fletcher,
Rev. Chas, Huntington
John Nelson Harvey,
William H. Jeffrey,
Residence. Recommended by
Isle La Motte,
Vt. G. G.
itt, Montpelier, Vt.
St. Johnsbury, Vt. Fred A
W T m. B. C. Stickney
Rt. Rev. John Stephen Michaud,
Lyman S. Hayes,
William Walter Husband,
Clayton Nelson North,
"William Lorenzo Quimby,
Ned Lewis Sheldon,
Isaiah R. Clark,
E. N. Foss,
Arthur L. Robinson,
Chas. Kimball Darling,
Elmer E. Silver,
Porter H. Dale,
Frederick Salmon Pease,
S. Hollister Jackson,
W. A. Shaw,
Hamilton Sullivan Peck,
Willard Bean Howe,
Walter Benton Gates,
Franklin George Butterfield
Burlington, Vt. G. G. Benedict.
Bellows Falls, Vt. E.'M. Goddard.
Montpelier, Vt. Edward D. Field.
Shoreham, Vt. Elmer Barnum.
Brookline, Mass. Josiah H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
J. H. Benton.
G. G. Benedict.
G. G. Benedict.
Fred A. Howland.
Fair i-iaven, vt, neu ^. nunwuu.
Geo. W. Wing.
G. G. Benedict.
G. G. Benedict.
G. G. Benedict.
G. G. Benedict.
MAX SEVERANCE COLLECTION OF PHILIPPINE CURIOS.
Three Moro shields, Campilan, Moro armor, 2 Moro manu-
scripts, 2 Kris, Bolo, Tom torn, Moro dress, 5 Moro daggers, 2
Kris daggers, Moro mirror, Beaten silver tobacco box, Carved
bamboo box, 2 Inlaid boxes for betel nut, Lime for the betel
nut, Moro cartridge belt.
ROBINSON COLLECTION OF REVOLUTIONARY AND OTHER
' Camp Kettle of Col. Frederick Baum, taken at the Battle
Col. Baum's sword, taken from him when wounded on the
Bennington battle field.
Two red coats worn by British soldiers when in the Benning-
Two cannon balls plowed up on the Bennington battle
Bullet moulds used in 1777 for casting bullets for the
American soldiers at the Battle of Bennington.
A soldier's skull dug up on the Bennington battle field.
The front doors of the Catamount Tavern.
A stone with the inscription "Council Room," which was
over the fire-place in the council room in the Catamount Tavern.
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
A ledger used in the Catamount Tavern which contains an
account against Col. Ethan Allen.
A sword used in the Battle of Plattsburg.
A bomb shell found between Fort George and Fort William
Numerous old documents signed by Vermont Governors.
Old Vermont Gazette, Rutland Herald, etc.
REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS INTERRED IN VERMONT.
Lieut. Benjamin Adams
Lieut. Benjamin Everest
Capt. Zadock Everest
Maj. T. Woodford
Capt. Benjamin Marvin
Joseph Chamberlin — ~
Lieut. Elias Stevens
Thomas M. Wright
Sergt. William Strobridge
Maj. William Bradford
Lieut. Lemuel Clark-
Nathaniel Brown Dodge
Serg't Jonas Nichols
Capt. Asaph Sherman
Lieut. Benjamin Walker
John Merriam *'
Serg't Samuel Yv r ells
Nathan Clark, Jr.
Anthony Haswell — — — —
Capt. Samuel Herrick
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Capt. William Barber
Jonah Carter ■
Lieut. Stephen Crofoot
Capt. Joel Dickinson
Serg't John Dunning
Capt. William Ford
Lieut. Caleb Goodrich
Maj. Osias Johnson
Rev. Dan Kent
Lieut. Solomon Martin
Amos Root, Jr.
Job L. Barber
Capt. Phineas Heath
Capt. David Nutting
Maj. Stephen Royce
Benjamin B. Searles
Serg't David Nye
Capt. James Sawyer
Capt. Daniel Taylor
Serg't Elisha A. Fowlei
Serg't Samuel Bass
Serg't Jonathan Flint
Lieut. Isaac Nichols
Col. John Barron
Capt. Robert Himkins
Lieut. Joseph Joy
Serg't Hezekiah Salisbury
riant Tfoniamin "Miner
Serg't John Bush
Lieut. Amaziah Hawkins
Serg't Robert Hoi ley
Capt. Gurden Munsill
Serg't Asahel Durkee
Capt. Solomon Smith
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
'Col. Ebenezer Allen
Gen. Ethan Allen
Capt. Lemuel Bradley
Capt. Alexander Catlin
Dr. Seth Cole
Gen. Roger Enos
Col. Udny Hay
Capt. Jesse Hollister
Capt. Russell Jones
Col. Stephen Pearl
Col. Nathan Rice
Serg't David Russell
Capt. Benjamin Russell
Capt. William Russell
Seth Do an
Francis Le Barron
Serg't Samuel White
Capt. Frank Greene
Lieut. David Blanchard
Maj. Lyman Hitchcock
Lieut. Fifield Lyford
Lieut. Thomas Lyford
Nathaniel W T ebster
Lieut. John W T hittier
Lieut. Rufus Branch
Col. Isaac dark
Capt. John Hall
Lieut. Elias Hall
Col. Noah Lee
Lieut. Joseph Allen
Serg't Daniel Hosford
Serg't Jonas Gates
Lieut. Samuel Allen
Dr. Silas Hodges
Lieut. Col. Joseph Wait
Serg't Richard Weaver
Amos Boardman Jr
Jeremiah Bowen \}\
Abel Jackman $fi%
Peter V. Mahew
Israel C. Jones
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Lieut. Benjamin Reeve
Capt. John Burt
Capt. Stephen Calkins
Capt. William Gage
Lieut. Abraham Locke
Gideon W. Moody
Lieut. John Mott
Capt. Micah Vail
Capt. John Vail
Capt. Ebenezer Wilson
Samuel Chamberlain, Jr.
Cephas Kent, Jr.
Capt. John Shumway
Maj. Simeon Smith
Capt. Abraham Underbill
Serg't Elijah Baldwin
■ Timothy Wood
Maj. Jcsiah Boyden
Serg't Calvin Munn
Capt. Isaac Miller
vMaj. Joseph Miller
Lieut. Leonard Spaulding
Lieut. John Wyman
Serg't John Gray
Col. Samuel Elmore
Maj. Benjamin Williams
Lieut. Samuel Bradley
Serg't John Cabot
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
^ Oliver Farnsworth
% Oliver Far well « — -
/ Jonathan George
Arad Jay ■ . ,
Robert Wilkins c . t v \
y v t ; '
Serg't John Colburn
John B. Mitchell
Serg't Isaac Cutler
Serg't Ethan Whipple
Dr. James Witherell
V-Lieut. Ebenezer Cook
Thomas L. Munsil
Maj. Leonard Keep
Col. Ebenezer Marvin
Capt. Lemual Roberts
James Stevenson "
Abel Pierce 2nd
Lieut. Samuel Allen, Jr.
Serg't Alpheus Hall
Daniel Wads worth
Jonathan Macomber y
Serg't Samuel Stafford
Capt. John Doe
Serg't John Stevens
Dr. James Wolcott
Sergt. Jeremiah Richardson
John E. Johnson
Serg't Benjamin Story Meigs
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Capt. Benjamin Hickok
Rev. Ithamer Hibbard
Serg't Asahel Wright
Capt. James Whelpley
Serg't Solomon Buel
Capt. Jabez Fitch
Capt. Jedediah Hyde
Lieut. Aaron Keeler
Capt. Peter Martin
ISLE LA MOTTE.
Serg't William Blanchard
Serg't John Fadden
Elisha E. Reynolds
H Samuel Eaton
Serg't John Barker
Capt. Thomas Sawyer
Serg't Abel Carpenter
Capt. Peter Black
Capt. Allen Briggs
Thomas Bull, Jr.
Henry Bullis -
Isaac Burton, Jr.
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
John Fassett, Jr.
Capt. Elijah Hollister
David Lee, Jr.
Timothy Mead, Jr.
Benjamin Purdy, Jr.
Serg't Israel Roach
John Smith, Jr.
Thomas W f ait
Perez W T alton
Serg't Ebenezer Wakefield
W r illiam Williams
Joseph J. Eaton
Lieut. Stephen Goodrich
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Eben W. Judd
Serg't David Griswold
Serg't Joseph Spalding
William A. Newman
Serg't John Phinney
Capt. Joshua Clapp
I ram Nye
Eliakim D. Persons
Capt. Stephen Rich
John Mills, Jr.
Capt. Simeon Stevens
Serg't James Hathaway
Bancrof f ^ v >«++
Gen. Jacob Bayley
Capt. John G. Bayley
Maj. Joshua Bayley
Capt. Jabez Bigelo\/
Sergt. Joseph Chamberlin
Lieut. Jonathan Goodwin
Col. Joab Hoisington
Capt. Lemuel Holmes
Col. Robert Johnston
Capt. Thomas Johnson
Col. Jacob Kent
Jacob Kent, Jr.
Capt. Nehemah Lovewell**,
Lieut. Jonathan Park
Abram S. Abbott
George W. Bisbee
Alonzo H. Field
Capt. Nathaniel Hall
George E. Smith
Capt. William Wheeler
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY,
Serg't Jason Winch
Nathan Hutchins, Jr.
Jedediah P. Ladd
Capt. Paul Brigham
N. Richardson Stoddard
Gideon Adams ,
Timothy Allen, Jr.
Lieut. Samuel Borden
Sal ah Betts
Capt. Simeon Edgerton
Serg't Abiather Evans
Serg't Nathaniel Hill
Lieut. Elijah Hollister
Capt. James Hopkins
Serg't Josiah Monroe
Maj. Moses Porter
Capt. W 7 illiam Potter
Capt. James Pratt
Serg't John Sargent
Capt. John Start
Serg't Peter Stevens
Lieut. Eliel Todd
Lieut. Daniel Welch
Phineas Spalding, Jr.
Isaac Buck, Jr.
Capt. Benjamin Cooley
Serg't Jonathan Deming
Serg't Milton Potter
Zachariah Rand, Jr.
Jonathan Rowley, Jr.
Benjamin Stevens, Jr.
Lieut. Joshua Lawrence
Serg't John Dexter
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Maj. Heber Allen
Capt. Elkanah Ashley
Stephen De Maranville
Maj. Zebudiah Dewey
Capt. John Grant
Lieut. James Smith
Capt. William Watson
Serg't Daniel Martin
Aaron M. Martin
Lieut. John Stovers
Lieut. John Goss
Lieut. Edward Waldo
Serg't Abner Washburn
Capt. William A. Hawkins
Serg't Abiah Rice
John S. Kirby
Samuel S. Kirby
John Hutchinson v _.-
Lieut. Jonathan Farrar
Capt. Joseph Bowker
Lieut. Thomas Lee
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Serg't Amos Weller
Serg't Eleazer Wheelock
Serg't Abiel Learned
Henrj r Keeler
Serg't Lewis Hurd
Serg't Ebeneze.r Barstow
Capt. Israel Burritt
Lieut. Peter Stearns
Lieut. Francis Duclos
Capt. Robert Wood
Timothy F. Chipman
Col. Ephraim Doolittle
Thomas Rowley, Jr.
Samuel Wolcott, Jr.
Samuel Church 2nd
Serg't Isaac Gibbs
Lieut. Isaac Holden
Col. Stephen Keyes
Capt. William Holden
Capt. John Kilmorn
Serg't William Lord
Capt. Nathaniel Smith
Joseph Mott, Jr.
Capt. Ephraim Sawyer
Daniel B. Meigs
Maj. Amos Merrill
Capt. John Warner
Serg't Barnabas Barker
Capt. John Barker
Capt. Samuel Barker
t k ■-■ ■ ■ !L
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Lieut. Timothy Blake
John P. Burroughs
Serg't John Powell
Lieut. Frederick Smith
,. Benjamin Tucker
Capt. Phineas Walker
Capt. Guy Young
Serg't Adam Stevens
Capt. Thomas Comstock
Rev. Amos Beckwith
Moses H. Brewer
Serg't Samuel Winslow
Serg't Joseph Bruce
Edward S. Meeder
Lieut. Nathaniel Chipman
Dr. Ebenezer Marvin
Maj. Samuel Fletcher
Capt. Benjamin Durkee
Serg't Elijah Tracy
John Fair man
John J. Peeler
Serg't Joshua Corson
Lieut. Abraham Ives
Lieut. Joseph Randall
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
.f eter jbiobsuiu
— -Phineas Lamb
WEATHEBS FIELD .
Serg't John Macomber ^~~~
Capt. James Taylor
John W T ait
Sergt. Seth Arnold
Stephen R. Bradley
Capt. Jesse Burk
Lieut. Nathaniel Doubleday
Benjamin Goodridge, Jr.
Henry P. Ranney
Reuben Kendall, Jr.
Dr. Thomas Binney
Serg't John Brown
Col. Isaac McNeil
Maj. Samuel Beach
Serg't Noah Bliss
Serg't Adnah Bangs
Ozias Dix >-- —
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Serg't Jonas Haynes
Capt. Benjamin Skinnei
Capt. Moses White
Serg't Israel Lawton
Lieut. Abner Brigham
Lieut. Nathan Howland
Lieut. Israel Richardson
Bethuel Goodrich, Jr.
Sergt. Henry Jones, 2nd
Serg't Adam Muir
Serg't Calvin Stewart
Serg't James A. Bennett
Nathan B. Harvey
George W. King
Richard C. Wear
Serg't Joseph H. Bryant
Lawrence Pa no ^^
Sergt. Levi Pratt —
Lieut. Frederick A. Sawyer
Serg't Gardner Foster
Artiban Ho it
Alpheus Smith, Jr.
GEAND ISLE, COUNTY.
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Lieut. John W. Cushing
Experians Fisk, Jr.
Nicholas C. Wells
Serg't Frederick Fuller
Ela Haynes (or Hinds)
Stephen F. Hemingway
Serg't Elial Bond
Lieut. Daniel Farrington
Adonijah B. Rogers
Calvin P. Perry
Serg't Daniel Reed
Chauncey L. Temple
Serg't Alfred Barrel
Serg't Giles Cone
Capt. David Crawford
Serg't Andrew Dunlap
Serg't Charles French
John M. Goodrich
LIST OF INVALID PENSIONERS WHO RECEIVED PENSIONS AT THE BUR-
LINGTON AGENCY, BUT WHOSE RESIDENCE COULD NOT BE ASCER-
TAINED, OWING TO THE DESTRUCTION OF PAPERS IN THE WAR
OFFICE IN 1801 AND 1814.
Lieut. Joseph Huntoon
Serg't Seth Ingram
Joseph B. Lovewell
Lieut Elnathan Nichols
Col. John Nixon
Pliney (Pliny) Pomeroy
Ephraim Smith / -
Capt. John Stark
Horace B. Thompson
Aaron Y\ r ilder
Serg't John Wilson
PENSIONERS UNDER THE ACT OF MARCH 18, 1818.
Lieut. Samuel Bache
Capt. John Bacon
Edward Calley (or Kelley)
Capt. Peter Clayes
Sergt. Anthony Collamore
John C. Despervine (or Taper-
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Serg't Jonathan Hunter
Thomas N. Martin
Serg't Thomas McNeill
Selah B. Benjamin
Stephen Bennett, 2nd
Ebenezer Chace —
George Goby &$fa*f
William Harris, 2nd
Joseph Smith, 2nd
Serg't Nathaniel Thompson
Sergt. Nathaniel Thompson
James Campbell, 2nd
Serg't Thomas Fuller
Sergt. William Orcutt
Serg't Paul Wells
Lieut. Peter Benedict
Serg't Joseph Bonett
Benjamin Butcher, 2nd
Serg't Thomas Eddy
Serg't Samuel Hill
Lieut. John Hollenback (or Hoi-
Augustus Lavoke (or Lavoque)
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Lieut. oafiGiu. tolc'vens
Serg't Hezekiah Tuttle
Jeffrey Brace (alias J. Stiles)
Sergt. David George
Lieut. Benoni Grant
Serg't Benjamin Joy
William Kelly, 2nd
John Lawrence, 2nd
Serg't Samuel Mitchell
Tho. Nash (alias Hunter)
Joel W. Perham
Daniel Perkins, 2nd
Trio on Vi "Rcs-nrloll
Isaac Smith, 2nd
Nathaniel B. Torrey
Serg^t Stephen Trowbridge
Lieut. Josiah Witter
Jehiel W r right
GRAND ISLE COUNTY.
Lieut Thomas Bingham
Capt. Paul Brigham
Sergt. Richard Carlton
Lieut. John Chadwick
Lieut. Isaac Church
Qm. Sergt. Samuel Edson
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Moses S. George
Serg't John Keyes
Yv imam xvmuauc
Sergt. Samuel Peck
Lieut. Joseph Raymond
Lieut. Cornelius Russell
John Smith, 3rd
Serg't John Stacey
Lieut. Joseph Wales
Jabez Y\ T ight
Ebenezer Broughton r
Qm. Serg't Seth Eddy
Lieut. Jonathan Heath
Serg't David Hopkinson
Serg't William Richardson
Lieut. Thomas Tolman
Samuel Turner, 2nd
Eleazer (or John) Albee
Capt. John Fuller
Thomas Gibbs 2nd
Serg't Samuel Hill
Serg't Thomas Hutchinson
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY,
Joseph M. Pine
Simeon Russell 2nd
Sergt. John Sailings
John Smith 2nd
Serg't John Sweetland
Serg't Solomon Tracy
Qm. Serg't Jabez Ward
Thomas Carr 2nd
Nathaniel B. Dodge
George Martin 2nd
Moses Rood W
Lieut. David Thomas
David V. Town
Josiah Wright 2nd
Sergt. Edmund Bemis
Serg't Silas Brown
John L. Davis
Jonathan Marble, Jr.
Serg't Jesse Marks
Lieut. Joseph Perry
Thomas Reed 2nd
Capt. Amasa Soper
John Williams 2nd
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Asa Miller Wyman
Sergt. Levi Adams
Samuel G. Allen
William Brown 2nd
Serg't Jonas Bruce
Lieut. Ephraim Carey
Sergt. Samuel Clapp
Serg't William Cone
' Humphrey Crain
Ebenezer Currier 2nd.
Shadrack Dodge -.
Serg't Aaron Glazier
Serg't Elkanah Hixcn
Capt. John House
Serg't Maj. Abner Hubbard
Samuel Hutchinson 2nd
Lieut. Benjamin Lynde
Sergt. Enhraim Martin
John Moor Jr.
Lieut. Samuel Myrick
Samuel Newton 2nd
Sergt. Benjamin Packard
Benjamin Peirce 2nd
John O. Thacher
, Joseph Tucker
' Nathaniel Tufts
Sergt. Asa Wneeler
Sergt. Jotham Wheelock
Abner W T hitney
John W T hitly
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
PENSIONERS UNDER THE ACT OF JUNE 7, 1832.
Lieut. Samuel Adams
Lieut. James Andrews
Sergt Ethan Andrus
Sergt. James Barber
Sergt. Solomon Brown
Martin Curtis *^,
Sergt. Allen Hunsdon
Sergt. William Niles
Sergt. James Sibley
Sergt. Roswell Stearns
John C. Waller
Sergt. Lemuel Bishop
Sergt. Joseph Curtis
Sergt. William Dunton
Sergt. Isaiah Hendryx
/As ah el Hollister
Sergt. Aaron Hubbell
Charles Led yard
Sergt. Grove Moore
,. Benjamin Morgan
Qm. William Park
. Sergt. Eli Pettibone
Sergt. John Risdon
** Sergt. Jacob Safford
Lieut. Ephraim Seelye
Sergt. Obadiah Barber
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Sergt. Samuel Daniels
Sergt. Benjamin Farmer
Or>- -1 TT-17
Sergt. Thomas Hill
Sergt. Henry Hoffman
Sergt. Isaac Martin
Sergt. Jeremiah Morrill
Sergt. Gaius Peck
Sergt. Samuel Yv T arner
Sergt. Joseph Wood
Sergt. Abijah Allen
James Bennett ■-
Sergt. Edward Brigham
Sergt. John Curry
Sergt. John Devereaux
Sergt. Elnathan Higbo
Jabez J. Warner
Sergt. Edward Adams
Mills De Forrest
Sergt. John Merrill
Serge. Jacob Schoff
Lieut. Joseph Andrews
Whit more Beardsley
John Hay ward
Sergt. Luke Hitchcock
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Am os Page
Sergt. Josiah Peekham
Sergt. Truman Powell
Sergt. Simeon Presbrey
GEAND ISLE COUNTY
Sergt. Church Tabor
Sergt. George Barneld
Sergt. Joseph Clark
Sergt. Edward Dodge
Sergt. Samuel Hovey
Lieut. John Lyman
Sergt. James Morris
Capt. Samuel Paine
Daniel Perkins —
Sergt. Isaac Pinney
Sergt. William Rolfe
Lieut. Mansfield Tappan
Sergt. Ashbel Tucker
Serg't James Adams
Sergt. David Bl an chard
Serg't William Craigue
Lieut. Joseph Curtis
Frederick W. Herman
Serg't Aaron Parker
Qm. Eber Robinson
Serg't Robert Trumbull
Serg't Joseph E. Westgate
Serg't Timothy Boardman
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Lieut. Levi Buell
Serg't Penuel Child
Ichabod G. Clark
Serg't Abel Cooper
Serg't Joseph Daggett
Serg't David Dana
Serg't Nathan Denison
Serg't Eli Eastman
Serg't Jesse Eddy
Serg't Amasa Fuller
Serg't Eli Gale
Serg't Nehemiah Gates
Serg't Samuel Gates
W T illiam Gilkey
Serg't Simeon Goodrich
Serg't Andrew Grant
Serg't Allen Green
Serg't Titus Holmes
Serg't Abel Horton
Serg't Elias King
Serg't Abel Lewis
Oliver Loom is
Samuel S. Merriman
John V. Miller
Serg't Caleb Morgon
Sergt. Solomon Moulton
Serg't Benjamin Needham
Serg't Abel Paine
Serg't Samuel Parker
Serg't Daniel Piatt
Serg't Simeon Post
Serg't Caleb Potter
Serg't John Potter
Lieut. Silas Procter
Lieut. Jonathan Reynolds
Lieut. Jonas Rice
Lieut. Charles Rogers
Serg't Moses Root
Serg't Rufus Ross
Serg't Gideon Terney
Serg't John Tolman
Eleazer . Warner
Serg't Silas Willis
Abel Dust in
Serg't Thomas Foster
Serg't Josiah Goodell
Serg't Elias Kingsley
John Mellen ^
Aaron Miner ^
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Serg't Asher Robinson
Serg't Uriah Wilkins
Serg't William Black
Serg't Lamech Blauden
Serg't Samuel Chaffin
Pearl ey Fairbanks
Serg't Amos ijray
Levi Hayward ■**"
Serg't Eleazer Kendall
T.iVnt. Jnspph Rodders
Serg't Asa Smith
Serg't William Stearns
Sergt. Samuel Viall
Serg't Beriah Wheeler
Jonathan Wool ley
(not a duplicate)
Serg't Luther Bartholomew
John Billings -
Jonathan M. Bissell
Serg't Josiah Blake
John Blood -
Lieut. Benjamin Bosworth
Chaplain Daniel Breck
Serg't Calvin Chapin
Serg't Waldo Cheney
THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Serg't Daniel Clark
Bibye L. Cotton
Serg't Thomas Craig
Serg't Thomas Craige
James L. Dean
Serg't Enoch Emerson
Sergt. William Gibson
Serg't Jacob Hall
Serg't Adrian Hatch
Lieut. Thomas Hodgkins
" Isaac Kendall
Serg't Elias Keyes
Serg't Daniel King
Surgeon Joseph Lewis
Daniel Love joy ■ .
Serg't Aaron Mosher
Serg't Asahel Powers
Serg't Reuben Robinson
Serg't Retire Trask
Serg't John Wallace
Elisha W T aterman
Serg't W T illiam Waterman
Active Members, 1904-5 8-14
Address, Hon. C. H. Darling 58-89
Annual Meeting, 3 903 , , 21
Annual Meeting, 1904 27
Adjourned Meeting, Oct., 1904 28
Adjourned Meeting, Nov., 1904 36
Act Amending Charter . . ■. . 5, G
Babbitt, J. H., sketch of . .-. 38
Benedict, G. G., President's Address 49-55
Brown, Allan D., sketch of 38, 9
By-Laws, as revised 14-20
Conland, Dr. James, sketch of 40-1
Constitution, as revised 15, 16
Corresponding Members 14
Crockett, W. H., paper 93-106
Dale, George N., sketch of 41, 2
Darling, Charles H., address 59-89
Election of Officers, 1903 26
Election of Officers, 1904 31
Fay Records, Recovery of 49-55
Hall, Henry D., sketch of 42, 3
Hazen, Rev. H. A., sketch of .43
Honorary Members . ., 14
Isham, E. S., sketch of » 44
Joint Resolution of General Assembly 4
168 THE VERMONT HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Macdonough, Thomas, paper on 59-89
New Members, 1903 107
New Members, 1904 .. .. 112-13
Officers, 1903-4 26
Officers, 1904-5 7, 8
Philippine Curios 33, 113
Pensioners, Invalid 143-53
Pensioners under act of 1832 154-65
Report of Managers, 1903 22
Report of Managers, 1904 28-30
Report of Special Committee on Revision of Constitution
and By-Laws 108-12
Reports of Treasurer .. ., 107, 8
Revolutionary Soldiers Buried in Vermont 114-42
Revolutionary Relics 22, 113
Standing Committees ..26, 34
Smith, Gen. W. F., sketch of .45, 6
Valentine, A. B., sketch of 46, 7
Wood, Thomas W„ sketch of 47, 8